View Source Mutations

A blog is no good without new content. We want to support a mutation to create a blog post:

mutation CreatePost {
  createPost(title: "Second", body: "We're off to a great start!") {

Now we just need to define a mutation portion of our schema and a :create_post field:

In blog_web/schema.ex:

mutation do

  @desc "Create a post"
  field :create_post, type: :post do
    arg :title, non_null(:string)
    arg :body, non_null(:string)
    arg :published_at, :naive_datetime

    resolve &Resolvers.Content.create_post/3


The resolver in this case is responsible for making any changes and returning an {:ok, post} tuple matching the :post type we defined earlier:

In our blog_web/resolvers/content.ex module, we'll add the create_post/3 resolver function:

def create_post(_parent, args, %{context: %{current_user: user}}) do
  Blog.Content.create_post(user, args)
def create_post(_parent, _args, _resolution) do
  {:error, "Access denied"}

Obviously things can go wrong in a mutation. To learn more about the types of error results that Absinthe supports, read the guide.


This resolver adds a new concept: authorization. The resolution struct (that is, an Absinthe.Resolution) passed to the resolver as the third argument carries along with it the Absinthe context, a data structure that serves as the integration point with external mechanisms---like a Plug that authenticates the current user. You can learn more about how the context can be used in the Context and Authentication guide.

Going back to the resolver code:

  • If the match for a current user is successful, the underlying Blog.Content.create_post/2 function is invoked. It will return a tuple suitable for return. (To read the Ecto-related nitty-gritty, check out the absinthe_tutorial repository.)
  • If the match for a current user isn't successful, the fall-through match will return an error indicating that a post can't be created.

Next Step

Now let's take a look at more complex arguments