# Ecto v3.0.7 Ecto.Query.WindowAPI View Source

Lists all windows functions.

Windows functions must always be used as the first argument
of `over/2`

where the second argument is the name of a window:

```
from e in Employee,
select: {e.depname, e.empno, e.salary, over(avg(e.salary), :department)},
windows: [department: [partition_by: e.depname]]
```

In the example above, we get the average salary per department.
`:department`

is the window name, partitioned by `e.depname`

and `avg/1`

is the window function.

However, note that defining a window is not necessary, as the
window definition can be given as the second argument to `over`

:

```
from e in Employee,
select: {e.depname, e.empno, e.salary, over(avg(e.salary), partition_by: e.depname)}
```

Both queries are equivalent. However, if you are using the same
partitioning over and over again, defining a window will reduce
the query size. See `Ecto.Query.windows/3`

for all possible window
expressions, such as `:partition_by`

and `:order_by`

.

# Link to this section Summary

## Functions

Calculates the average for the given entry

Counts the entries in the table

Counts the given entry

Returns relative rank of the current row: (number of rows preceding or peer with current row) / (total rows)

Returns rank of the current row without gaps; this function counts peer groups

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the first row of the window frame

Returns value evaluated at the row that is offset rows before the current row within the partition

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the last row of the window frame

Returns value evaluated at the row that is offset rows after the current row within the partition

Calculates the maximum for the given entry

Calculates the minimum for the given entry

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the nth row of the window frame (counting from 1); null if no such row

Returns integer ranging from 1 to the argument value, dividing the partition as equally as possible

Returns relative rank of the current row: (rank - 1) / (total rows - 1)

Returns rank of the current row with gaps; same as `row_number/0`

of its first peer

Returns number of the current row within its partition, counting from 1

Calculates the sum for the given entry

# Link to this section Functions

Calculates the average for the given entry.

`from p in Payment, select: avg(p.value)`

Counts the entries in the table.

`from p in Post, select: count()`

Counts the given entry.

`from p in Post, select: count(p.id)`

Returns relative rank of the current row: (number of rows preceding or peer with current row) / (total rows).

```
from p in Post,
select: cume_dist() |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns rank of the current row without gaps; this function counts peer groups.

```
from p in Post,
select: dense_rank() |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the first row of the window frame.

```
from p in Post,
select: first_value(p.id) |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns value evaluated at the row that is offset rows before the current row within the partition.

Ff there is no such row, instead return default (which must be of the same type as value). Both offset and default are evaluated with respect to the current row. If omitted, offset defaults to 1 and default to null.

```
from e in Events,
windows: [w: [partition_by: e.name, order_by: e.tick]],
select: {
e.tick,
e.action,
e.name,
lag(e.action) |> over(:w), # previous_action
lead(e.action) |> over(:w) # next_action
}
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the last row of the window frame.

```
from p in Post,
select: last_value(p.id) |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns value evaluated at the row that is offset rows after the current row within the partition.

Ff there is no such row, instead return default (which must be of the same type as value). Both offset and default are evaluated with respect to the current row. If omitted, offset defaults to 1 and default to null.

```
from e in Events,
windows: [w: [partition_by: e.name, order_by: e.tick],
select: {
e.tick,
e.action,
e.name,
lag(e.action) |> over(:w), # previous_action
lead(e.action) |> over(:w) # next_action
}
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Calculates the maximum for the given entry.

`from p in Payment, select: max(p.value)`

Calculates the minimum for the given entry.

`from p in Payment, select: min(p.value)`

Returns value evaluated at the row that is the nth row of the window frame (counting from 1); null if no such row.

```
from p in Post,
select: nth_value(p.id, 4) |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns integer ranging from 1 to the argument value, dividing the partition as equally as possible.

```
from p in Post,
select: ntile(10) |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns relative rank of the current row: (rank - 1) / (total rows - 1).

```
from p in Post,
select: percent_rank() |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns rank of the current row with gaps; same as `row_number/0`

of its first peer.

```
from p in Post,
select: rank() |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Returns number of the current row within its partition, counting from 1.

```
from p in Post,
select: row_number() |> over(partition_by: p.category_id, order_by: p.date)
```

Note that this function must be invoked using window function syntax.

Calculates the sum for the given entry.

`from p in Payment, select: sum(p.value)`