View Source Config.Provider behaviour (Elixir v1.11.4)

Specifies a provider API that loads configuration during boot.

Config providers are typically used during releases to load external configuration while the system boots. This is done by starting the VM with the minimum amount of applications running, then invoking all of the providers, and then restarting the system. This requires a mutable configuration file on disk, as the results of the providers are written to the file system. For more information on runtime configuration, see mix release.

Sample config provider

For example, imagine you need to load some configuration from a JSON file and load that into the system. Said configuration provider would look like:

defmodule JSONConfigProvider do
  @behaviour Config.Provider

  # Let's pass the path to the JSON file as config
  def init(path) when is_binary(path), do: path

  def load(config, path) do
    # We need to start any app we may depend on.
    {:ok, _} = Application.ensure_all_started(:jason)

    json = path |>!() |> Jason.decode!()

      my_app: [
        some_value: json["my_app_some_value"],
        another_value: json["my_app_another_value"],

Then when specifying your release, you can specify the provider in the release configuration:

releases: [
  demo: [
    # ...,
    config_providers: [{JSONConfigProvider, "/etc/config.json"}]

Now once the system boots, it will invoke the provider early in the boot process, save the merged configuration to the disk, and reboot the system with the new values in place.

Link to this section Summary


A path pointing to a configuration file.


Invoked when initializing a config provider.

Loads configuration (typically during system boot).

Link to this section Types

@type config() :: keyword()
@type config_path() :: {:system, binary(), binary()} | binary()

A path pointing to a configuration file.

Since configuration files are often accessed on target machines, it can be expressed either as:

  • a binary representing an absolute path

  • a {:system, system_var, path} tuple where the config is the concatenation of the environment variable system_var with the given path

@type state() :: term()

Link to this section Callbacks

@callback init(term()) :: state()

Invoked when initializing a config provider.

A config provider is typically initialized on the machine where the system is assembled and not on the target machine. The init/1 callback is useful to verify the arguments given to the provider and prepare the state that will be given to load/2.

Furthermore, because the state returned by init/1 can be written to text-based config files, it should be restricted only to simple data types, such as integers, strings, atoms, tuples, maps, and lists. Entries such as PIDs, references, and functions cannot be serialized.

@callback load(config(), state()) :: config()

Loads configuration (typically during system boot).

It receives the current config and the state returned by init/1. Then you typically read the extra configuration from an external source and merge it into the received config. Merging should be done with Config.Reader.merge/2, as it performs deep merge. It should return the updated config.

Note that load/2 is typically invoked very early in the boot process, therefore if you need to use an application in the provider, it is your responsibility to start it.

Link to this section Functions

Link to this function


View Source (since 1.9.0)
@spec resolve_config_path!(config_path()) :: binary()

Resolves a config_path/0 to an actual path.

Link to this function


View Source (since 1.9.0)
@spec validate_config_path!(config_path()) :: :ok

Validates a config_path/0.