Bitwise (Elixir v1.12.0-dev) View Source

A set of functions that perform calculations on bits.

All bitwise functions work only on integers; otherwise an ArithmeticError is raised.

The functions in this module come in two flavors: named or operators. For example:

iex> use Bitwise
iex> bnot(1) # named
-2
iex> 1 &&& 1 # operator
1

If you prefer to use only operators or skip them, you can pass the following options:

  • :only_operators - includes only operators
  • :skip_operators - skips operators

For example:

iex> use Bitwise, only_operators: true
iex> 1 &&& 1
1

When invoked with no options, use Bitwise is equivalent to import Bitwise.

All bitwise functions can be used in guards:

iex> odd? = fn
...>   int when Bitwise.band(int, 1) == 1 -> true
...>   _ -> false
...> end
iex> odd?.(1)
true

All functions in this module are inlined by the compiler.

Link to this section Summary

Guards

Bitwise AND operator.

Arithmetic left bitshift operator.

Arithmetic right bitshift operator.

Bitwise XOR operator.

Bitwise OR operator.

Bitwise NOT unary operator.

Calculates the bitwise AND of its arguments.

Calculates the bitwise NOT of the argument.

Calculates the bitwise OR of its arguments.

Calculates the result of an arithmetic left bitshift.

Calculates the result of an arithmetic right bitshift.

Calculates the bitwise XOR of its arguments.

Link to this section Guards

Specs

integer() &&& integer() :: integer()

Bitwise AND operator.

Calculates the bitwise AND of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> 9 &&& 3
1

Specs

integer() <<< integer() :: integer()

Arithmetic left bitshift operator.

Calculates the result of an arithmetic left bitshift.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> 1 <<< 2
4

iex> 1 <<< -2
0

iex> -1 <<< 2
-4

iex> -1 <<< -2
-1

Specs

integer() >>> integer() :: integer()

Arithmetic right bitshift operator.

Calculates the result of an arithmetic right bitshift.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> 1 >>> 2
0

iex> 1 >>> -2
4

iex> -1 >>> 2
-1

iex> -1 >>> -2
-4

Specs

integer() ^^^ integer() :: integer()

Bitwise XOR operator.

Calculates the bitwise XOR of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> 9 ^^^ 3
10

Specs

integer() ||| integer() :: integer()

Bitwise OR operator.

Calculates the bitwise OR of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> 9 ||| 3
11

Specs

~~~integer() :: integer()

Bitwise NOT unary operator.

Calculates the bitwise NOT of the argument.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> ~~~2
-3

iex> ~~~2 &&& 3
1

Specs

band(integer(), integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the bitwise AND of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> band(9, 3)
1

Specs

bnot(integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the bitwise NOT of the argument.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> bnot(2)
-3

iex> bnot(2) &&& 3
1

Specs

bor(integer(), integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the bitwise OR of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> bor(9, 3)
11

Specs

bsl(integer(), integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the result of an arithmetic left bitshift.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> bsl(1, 2)
4

iex> bsl(1, -2)
0

iex> bsl(-1, 2)
-4

iex> bsl(-1, -2)
-1

Specs

bsr(integer(), integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the result of an arithmetic right bitshift.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> bsr(1, 2)
0

iex> bsr(1, -2)
4

iex> bsr(-1, 2)
-1

iex> bsr(-1, -2)
-4

Specs

bxor(integer(), integer()) :: integer()

Calculates the bitwise XOR of its arguments.

Allowed in guard tests. Inlined by the compiler.

Examples

iex> bxor(9, 3)
10