Ecto.Adapters.Jamdb.Oracle (jamdb_oracle v0.4.5)

Adapter module for Oracle. Ecto.Adapters.SQL callbacks implementation.

It uses jamdb_oracle for communicating to the database.


  • Using prepared statement functionality, the SQL statement you want to run is precompiled and stored in a database object, and you can run it as many times as required without compiling it every time it is run. If the data in the statement changes, you can use bind variables as placeholders for the data and then provide literal values at run time.

  • Using bind variables:

    {"insert into tabl values (:1)", [<<16#E7,16#99,16#BE>>]}

  • Calling stored procedure:

    {"begin proc(:1, :2, :3); end;", [1.0, 2.0, 3.0]}

  • Calling stored function:

    {"begin :1 := func(:2); end;", [{:out, :varchar}, "one hundred"]}

  • Using cursor variable:

    {"begin open :1 for select * from tabl where dat>:2; end;", [:cursor, {2016, 8, 1}]}

  • Using returning clause:

    {"insert into tabl values (tablid.nextval, sysdate) return id into :1", [{:out, :number}]}

  • Update batching:

    {:batch, "insert into tabl values (:1, :2, :3)", [[1, 2, 3],[4, 5, 6],[7, 8, 9]]}

  • Row prefetching:

    {:fetch, "select * from tabl where id>:1", [1]} {:fetch, cursor, row_format, last_row}


Adapter options split in different categories described below. All options can be given via the repository configuration:

config :your_app, YourApp.Repo,

Connection options

  • :hostname - Server hostname (Name or IP address of the database server)
  • :port - Server port (Number of the port where the server listens for requests)
  • :database - Database (Database service name or SID with colon as prefix)
  • :username - Username (Name for the connecting user)
  • :password - User password (Password for the connecting user)
  • :parameters - Keyword list of connection parameters
  • :socket_options - Options to be given to the underlying socket
  • :timeout - The default timeout to use on queries, defaults to 15000

Pool options

  • :pool - The connection pool module, defaults to DBConnection.ConnectionPool
  • :pool_size - The size of the pool, defaults to 1
  • :idle_interval - The ping interval to validate an idle connection, defaults to 1000

Connection parameters

  • :charset - Client character set, defaults to UTF8
  • :autocommit - Mode that issued an automatic COMMIT operation
  • :fetch - Number of rows to fetch from the server
  • :sdu - Size of session data unit
  • :read_timeout - Read timeout while reading from the socket, defaults to 500
  • :role - Mode that is used in an internal logon
  • :prelim - Mode that is permitted when the database is down

Output parameters

  • Calling stored procedure or function: [{:out, :number}, {:out, :varchar}]
  • Using returning clause: [{:out, :number}, {:out, :date}]
Oracle typesLiteral syntax in params
NUMBER,FLOAT,BINARY_FLOAT:number, :integer, :float, :decimal
CHAR, VARCHAR2, CLOB:varchar, :char, :clob, :string
NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, NCLOB:nvarchar, :nchar, :nclob
RAW, BLOB:raw, :blob, :binary, :hexstring

Input parameters

Using query options: [in: [:number, :binary]]

Primitive types

The primitive types are:

Ecto typesOracle typesLiteral syntax in params
:id, :integerNUMBER (*,0), INTEGER1, 2, 3
:floatNUMBER,FLOAT,BINARY_FLOAT1.0, 2.0, 3.0
:stringCHAR, VARCHAR2, CLOB"one hundred"
:stringNCHAR, NVARCHAR2, NCLOB"百元", "万円"
:binaryRAW, BLOB<<0xE7,0x99,0xBE>>, 'E799BE'
:binaryRAW, BLOBEcto.Query.Tagged
:binary_id,Ecto.UUIDRAW, BLOBEcto.UUID
:booleanCHAR, VARCHAR2, NUMBERtrue, false
:mapCLOB, NCLOB%{"one" => 1, "hundred" => "百"}
:naive_datetimeDATE, TIMESTAMPNaiveDateTime

Character sets

:us7ascii, :we8iso8859p1, :ee8iso8859p2, :nee8iso8859p4, :cl8iso8859p5, :ar8iso8859p6, :el8iso8859p7,:iw8iso8859p8, :we8iso8859p9, :ne8iso8859p10, :th8tisascii, :vn8mswin1258, :we8iso8859p15,:blt8iso8859p13, :ee8mswin1250, :cl8mswin1251, :el8mswin1253, :iw8mswin1255, :tr8mswin1254,:we8mswin1252, :blt8mswin1257, :ar8mswin1256

:ja16euc, :ja16sjis, :ja16euctilde,:ja16sjistilde,:ko16mswin949, :zhs16gbk, :zht32euc, :zht16big5, :zht16mswin950, :zht16hkscs


iex> Ecto.Adapters.SQL.query(YourApp.Repo, "select 1+:1,sysdate,rowid from dual where 1=:1 ", [1])
{:ok, %{num_rows: 1, rows: [[2, ~N[2016-08-01 13:14:15], "AAAACOAABAAAAWJAAA"]]}}

iex> bin = %Ecto.Query.Tagged{value: <<0xE7,0x99,0xBE>>, type: :binary}
iex> Ecto.Adapters.SQL.query(YourApp.Repo, "insert into tabl values (:1)", [bin])

iex> bin = <<0xE7,0x99,0xBE>>
iex> Ecto.Adapters.SQL.query(YourApp.Repo, "insert into tabl values (:1)", [bin]], [in: [:binary]])

iex> YourApp.Repo.insert_all(YourSchema,[[id: 100]], [returning: [:created_at], out: [:date]])

Imagine you have this migration:

defmodule YourApp.Migration do
  use Ecto.Migration

  def up do
    create table(:users, comment: "users table") do
      add :name, :string, comment: "name column"
      add :namae, :string, national: true
      add :custom_id, :uuid


You can execute it manually with:

Ecto.Migrator.up(YourApp.Repo, 20160801131415, YourApp.Migration)