View Source Testing Queues

Where workers are the primary "unit" of an Oban system, queues are the "integration" point between the database and your application. That means to test queues and the jobs within them, your tests will have to interact with the database. To simplify that interaction, reduce boilerplate, and make assertions more expressive Oban.Testing provides a variety of helpers.

Asserting Enqueued Jobs

During test runs you don't typically want to execute jobs. Rather, you need to verify that the job was enqueued properly. With the recommended test setup queues and plugins are disabled, and jobs won't execute at all. The Oban.Testing.assert_enqueued/2 and Oban.Testing.refute_enqueued/2 helpers simplify running queries to check for those available or scheduled jobs sitting in the database.

Let's look at an example where we want to check that an activation job is enqueued after a user signs up:

test "scheduling activation upon sign up" do
  {:ok, account} = MyApp.Account.sign_up(email: "")

  assert_enqueued worker: MyApp.ActivationWorker, args: %{id:}, queue: :default

Likewise, we can also refute that a job was enqueued. The refute_enqueued helper takes the same arguments as assert_enqueued, though you should take care to be as unspecific as possible.

Building on the example above, let's refute that a job is enqueued when account sign up fails:

test "bypassing activation when sign up fails" do
  {:error, _reason} = MyApp.Account.sign_up(email: "")

  refute_enqueued worker: MyApp.ActivationWorker

Asserting Multiple Jobs

Asserting and refuting about a single job isn't always enough. Sometimes you need to check for multiple jobs at once, or perform more complex assertions on the jobs themselves. In that situation, you can use all_enqueued instead.

The first example we'll look at asserts that multiple jobs from the same worker are enqueued all at once:

test "enqueuing one job for each child record" do
  :ok = MyApp.Account.notify_owners(account())

  assert jobs = all_enqueued(worker: MyApp.NotificationWorker)
  assert 3 == length(jobs)

The enqueued helpers all build dynamic queries to check for jobs within the database. Dynamic queries don't work for complex objects with nested values or a partial set of keys. In that case, you can use all_enqueued to pull jobs into your tests and use the full power of pattern matching for assertions.

test "enqueued jobs have args that match a particular pattern" do
  :ok = MyApp.Account.notify_owners(account())

  for job <- all_enqueued(queue: :default) do
    assert %{"email" => _, "avatar" => %{"url" => _}} = job.args

Integration Testing Queues

During integration tests it may be necessary to run jobs because they do work essential for the test to complete, i.e. sending an email, processing media, etc. You can execute all available jobs in a particular queue by calling Oban.drain_queue/1,2 directly from your tests.

For example, to process all pending jobs in the "mailer" queue while testing some business logic:

defmodule MyApp.BusinessTest do
  use MyApp.DataCase, async: true

  alias MyApp.{Business, Worker}

  test "we stay in the business of doing business" do
    :ok = Business.schedule_a_meeting(%{email: ""})

    assert %{success: 1, failure: 0} = Oban.drain_queue(queue: :mailer)

    # Now, make an assertion about the email delivery

See Oban.drain_queue/1,2 for a myriad of options and additional details.