timex v3.6.1 Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatters.Default View Source

Date formatting language used by default by the formatting functions in Timex.

This is a novel formatting language introduced with DateFormat. Its main advantage is simplicity and usage of mnemonics that are easy to memorize.

Directive format

A directive is an optional padding specifier followed by a mnemonic, both enclosed in braces ({ and }):

{<padding><mnemonic>}

Supported padding specifiers:

  • 0 -- pads the number with zeros. Applicable to mnemonics that produce numerical result.
  • _ -- pads the number with spaces. Applicable to mnemonics that produce numerical result.

When padding specifier is omitted, numbers will not be padded.

List of all directives

Years and centuries

  • {YYYY} - full year number (0..9999)
  • {YY} - the last two digits of the year number (0.99)
  • {C} - century number (0..99)
  • {WYYYY} - year number (4 digits) corresponding to the date's ISO week (0000..9999)
  • {WYY} - year number (2 digits) corresponding to the date's ISO week (00.99)

Months

  • {M} - month number (1..12)
  • {Mshort} - abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec, no padding)
  • {Mfull} - full month name (January..December, no padding)

Days and weekdays

  • {D} - day number (1..31)
  • {Dord} - ordinal day of the year (1..366)
  • {WDmon} - weekday, Monday first (0..6, no padding)
  • {WDsun} - weekday, Sunday first (0..6, no padding)
  • {WDshort} - abbreviated weekday name (Mon..Sun, no padding)
  • {WDfull} - full weekday name (Monday..Sunday, no padding)

Weeks

  • {Wiso} - ISO week number (01..53)
  • {Wmon} - week number of the year, Monday first (01..53)
  • {Wsun} - week number of the year, Sunday first (01..53)

Time

  • {h24} - hour of the day (00..23)
  • {h12} - hour of the day (1..12)
  • {m} - minutes of the hour (00..59)
  • {s} - seconds of the minute (00..60)
  • {ss} - fractional second, based on precision of microseconds given (.xxx == ms, .xxxxxx == us)
  • {s-epoch} - number of seconds since UNIX epoch
  • {am} - lowercase am or pm (no padding)
  • {AM} - uppercase AM or PM (no padding)

Time zones

  • {Zname} - time zone name, e.g. UTC (no padding)
  • {Zabbr} - time zone abbreviation, e.g. CST (no padding)
  • {Z} - time zone offset in the form +0230 (no padding)
  • {Z:} - time zone offset in the form -07:30 (no padding)
  • {Z::} - time zone offset in the form -07:30:00 (no padding)

Compound directives

These are shortcut directives corresponding to parts of the ISO 8601 specification. The benefit of using these over manually constructed ISO formats is that these directives convert the date to UTC for you.

  • {ISO:Basic} - <date>T<time><offset>. Full date and time specification without separators.

  • {ISO:Basic:Z} - <date>T<time>Z. Full date and time in UTC without separators (e.g. 20070813T134801Z)

  • {ISO:Extended} - <date>T<time><offset>. Full date and time specification with separators. (e.g. 2007-08-13T16:48:01 +03:00)

  • {ISO:Extended:Z} - <date>T<time>Z. Full date and time in UTC. (e.g. 2007-08-13T13:48:01Z)

  • {ISOdate} - YYYY-MM-DD. That is, 4-digit year number, followed by 2-digit month and day numbers (e.g. 2007-08-13)

  • {ISOtime} - hh:mm:ss. That is, 2-digit hour, minute, and second, separated by colons (e.g. 13:04:05). Midnight is 00 hours.

  • {ISOweek} - YYYY-Www. That is, ISO week-based year, followed by ISO week number (e.g. 2007-W09)

  • {ISOweek-day} - YYYY-Www-D. That is, an {ISOweek}, additionally followed by weekday (e.g. 2007-W09-1)

  • {ISOord} - YYYY-DDD. That is, year number, followed by the ordinal day number (e.g. 2007-113)

  • {ASN1:UTCtime} - YYMMDD<time>Z. Full 2-digit year date and time in UTC without separators (e.g. 070813134801Z)

  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime} - YYYYMMDD<time>. Full 4-digit year date and time in local timezone without separators and with optional fractional seconds (e.g. 20070813134801.032)

  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime:Z} - YYYYMMDD<time>Z. Full 4-digit year date and time in UTC without separators and with optional fractional seconds (e.g. 20070813134801.032Z)

  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime:TZ} - YYYYMMDD<time><offset>. Full 4-digit year date and time in UTC without separators and with optional fractional seconds (e.g. 20070813134801.032-0500)

These directives provide support for miscellaneous common formats:

  • {RFC822} - e.g. Mon, 05 Jun 14 23:20:59 UT
  • {RFC822z} - e.g. Mon, 05 Jun 14 23:20:59 Z
  • {RFC1123} - e.g. Tue, 05 Mar 2013 23:25:19 +0200
  • {RFC1123z} - e.g. Tue, 05 Mar 2013 23:25:19 Z
  • {RFC3339} - e.g. 2013-03-05T23:25:19+02:00
  • {RFC3339z} - e.g. 2013-03-05T23:25:19Z
  • {ANSIC} - e.g. Tue Mar 5 23:25:19 2013
  • {UNIX} - e.g. Tue Mar 5 23:25:19 PST 2013
  • {ASN1:UTCtime} - e.g. 130305232519Z
  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime} - e.g. 20130305232519.928
  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime:Z} - e.g. 20130305232519.928Z
  • {ASN1:GeneralizedTime:TZ} - e.g. 20130305232519.928-0500
  • {kitchen} - e.g. 3:25PM

Link to this section Summary

Link to this section Functions

Link to this function

format(date, format_string) View Source

Callback implementation for Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatter.format/2.

Link to this function

format(date, format_string, tokenizer) View Source

Link to this function

format!(date, format_string) View Source

Callback implementation for Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatter.format!/2.

Link to this function

lformat(date, format_string, locale) View Source
lformat(Timex.Types.calendar_types(), String.t(), String.t()) ::
  {:ok, String.t()} | {:error, term()}

Callback implementation for Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatter.lformat/3.

Link to this function

lformat(date, format_string, tokenizer, locale) View Source
lformat(Timex.Types.calendar_types(), String.t(), atom(), String.t()) ::
  {:ok, String.t()} | {:error, term()}

If one wants to use the default formatting semantics with a different tokenizer, this is the way.

Link to this function

lformat!(date, format_string, locale) View Source

Callback implementation for Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatter.lformat!/3.

Link to this function

tokenize(format_string) View Source
tokenize(String.t()) ::
  {:ok, [Timex.Parse.DateTime.Tokenizers.Directive.t()]} | {:error, term()}

Callback implementation for Timex.Format.DateTime.Formatter.tokenize/1.