bamboo v1.3.0 Bamboo.Email View Source

Contains functions for composing emails.

Bamboo separates composing emails from delivering them. This separation makes emails easy to test and makes things like using a default layout or a default from address easy to do. This module is for creating emails. To actually send them, use Bamboo.Mailer.

Handling email addresses

The from, to, cc, and bcc addresses of a Bamboo.Email can be set to any data structure for which there is an implementation of the Bamboo.Formatter protocol or a list of such data structures. Bamboo includes implementations for some common data structures or you can create your own. All from, to, cc, and bcc addresses are normalized internally to a two item tuple of {name, address}. See Bamboo.Formatter for more info.

Simplest way to create a new email

defmodule MyApp.Email do
  import Bamboo.Email

  def welcome_email(user) do
    new_email(
      from: "me@app.com",
      to: user,
      subject: "Welcome!",
      text_body: "Welcome to the app",
      html_body: "<strong>Welcome to the app</strong>"
    )
  end
end

Extracting common parts (default layout, default from address, etc.)

Let's say you want all emails to have the same from address. Here's how you could do that

defmodule MyApp.Email do
  import Bamboo.Email

  def welcome_email(user) do
    # Since new_email/1 returns a struct you can update it with Kernel.struct!/2
    struct!(base_email(),
      to: user,
      subject: "Welcome!",
      text_body: "Welcome to the app",
      html_body: "<strong>Welcome to the app</strong>"
    )
  end

  def base_email do
    new_email(from: "me@app.com")
  end
end

In addition to keyword lists, Bamboo.Emails can also be built using function pipelines.

defmodule MyApp.Email do
  import Bamboo.Email

  def welcome_email(user) do
    base_email()
    |> to(user)
    |> subject("Welcome!")
    |> text_body("Welcome to the app")
    |> html_body("<strong>Welcome to the app</strong>")
  end
end

Link to this section Summary

Functions

Returns a list of all recipients (to, cc and bcc).

Sets the bcc on the email.

Sets the cc on the email.

Sets the from on the email.

Gets just the email address from a normalized email address

Sets the html_body on the email

Used to create a new email

Adds a data attachment to the email

Adds a file attachment to the email

Adds a header to the email

Adds a key/value to the private key of the email

Sets the subject on the email

Sets the text_body on the email

Sets the to on the email.

Link to this section Types

Link to this type

address_list() View Source
address_list() :: nil | address() | [address()] | any()

Link to this type

t() View Source
t() :: %Bamboo.Email{
  assigns: %{optional(atom()) => any()},
  attachments: term(),
  bcc: address_list(),
  cc: address_list(),
  from: term(),
  headers: %{optional(String.t()) => String.t()},
  html_body: nil | String.t(),
  private: %{optional(atom()) => any()},
  subject: nil | String.t(),
  text_body: nil | String.t(),
  to: address_list()
}

Link to this section Functions

Link to this function

all_recipients(email) View Source
all_recipients(Bamboo.Email.t()) :: [address()] | no_return()

Returns a list of all recipients (to, cc and bcc).

Sets the bcc on the email.

bcc receives as an argument any data structure for which there is an implementation of the Bamboo.Formatter protocol.

new_email()
|> bcc(["sally@example.com", "james@example.com"])

Sets the cc on the email.

cc receives as an argument any data structure for which there is an implementation of the Bamboo.Formatter protocol.

new_email()
|> cc(["sally@example.com", "james@example.com"])

Sets the from on the email.

from receives as an argument any data structure for which there is an implementation of the Bamboo.Formatter protocol.

new_email()
|> from(["sally@example.com", "james@example.com"])
Link to this function

get_address(invalid_address) View Source
get_address(address()) :: String.t() | no_return()

Gets just the email address from a normalized email address

Normalized email addresses are 2 item tuples {name, address}. This gets the address part of the tuple. Use this instead of calling elem(address, 1) so that if Bamboo changes how email addresses are represented your code will still work

Examples

Bamboo.Email.get_address({"Paul", "paul@thoughtbot.com"}) # "paul@thoughtbot.com"

Sets the html_body on the email

Link to this function

new_email(attrs \\ []) View Source
new_email(Enum.t()) :: Bamboo.Email.t()

Used to create a new email

If called without arguments it is the same as creating an empty %Bamboo.Email{} struct. If called with arguments it will populate the struct with given attributes.

Example

# Same as %Bamboo.Email{from: "support@myapp.com"}
new_email(from: "support@myapp.com")
Link to this function

put_attachment(email, attachment) View Source

Adds a data attachment to the email

Example

put_attachment(email, %Bamboo.Attachment{})

Requires the fields filename and data of the %Bamboo.Attachment{} struct to be set.

Example

def create(conn, params) do
  #...
  email
  |> put_attachment(%Bamboo.Attachment{filename: "event.ics", data: "BEGIN:VCALENDAR..."})
  #...
end
Link to this function

put_attachment(email, path, opts \\ []) View Source

Adds a file attachment to the email

Example

put_attachment(email, path, opts \\ [])

Accepts filename: <name> and content_type: <type> options.

If you are using Plug, it accepts a Plug.Upload struct

Example

def create(conn, params) do
  #...
  email
  |> put_attachment(params["file"])
  #...
end
Link to this function

put_header(email, header_name, value) View Source
put_header(Bamboo.Email.t(), String.t(), String.t()) :: Bamboo.Email.t()

Adds a header to the email

Example

put_header(email, "Reply-To", "support@myapp.com")
Link to this function

put_private(email, key, value) View Source
put_private(Bamboo.Email.t(), atom(), any()) :: Bamboo.Email.t()

Adds a key/value to the private key of the email

This is mostly used to implement specific functionality for a particular adapter. It will rarely be used directly from your code. Internally this is used to set Mandrill specific params for the MandrillAdapter and it's also used to store the view module, template and layout when using Bamboo.Phoenix.

Example

put_private(email, :tags, "welcome-email")

Sets the subject on the email

Sets the text_body on the email

Sets the to on the email.

to receives as an argument any data structure for which there is an implementation of the Bamboo.Formatter protocol.

new_email()
|> to(["sally@example.com", "james@example.com"])