Elixir v1.9.2 MapSet View Source

Functions that work on sets.

MapSet is the "go to" set data structure in Elixir. A set can be constructed using MapSet.new/0:

iex> MapSet.new()
#MapSet<[]>

A set can contain any kind of elements, and elements in a set don't have to be of the same type. By definition, sets can't contain duplicate elements: when inserting an element in a set where it's already present, the insertion is simply a no-op.

iex> map_set = MapSet.new()
iex> MapSet.put(map_set, "foo")
#MapSet<["foo"]>
iex> map_set |> MapSet.put("foo") |> MapSet.put("foo")
#MapSet<["foo"]>

A MapSet is represented internally using the %MapSet{} struct. This struct can be used whenever there's a need to pattern match on something being a MapSet:

iex> match?(%MapSet{}, MapSet.new())
true

Note that, however, the struct fields are private and must not be accessed directly; use the functions in this module to perform operations on sets.

MapSets can also be constructed starting from other collection-type data structures: for example, see MapSet.new/1 or Enum.into/2.

MapSet is built on top of Map, this means that they share many properties, including logarithmic time complexity. See the documentation for Map for more information on its execution time complexity.

Link to this section Summary

Functions

Deletes value from map_set.

Returns a set that is map_set1 without the members of map_set2.

Checks if map_set1 and map_set2 have no members in common.

Checks if two sets are equal.

Returns a set containing only members that map_set1 and map_set2 have in common.

Checks if map_set contains value.

Returns a new set.

Creates a set from an enumerable.

Creates a set from an enumerable via the transformation function.

Inserts value into map_set if map_set doesn't already contain it.

Returns the number of elements in map_set.

Checks if map_set1's members are all contained in map_set2.

Converts map_set to a list.

Returns a set containing all members of map_set1 and map_set2.

Link to this section Types

Link to this section Functions

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delete(map_set, value)

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delete(t(val1), val2) :: t(val1) when val1: value(), val2: value()

Deletes value from map_set.

Returns a new set which is a copy of map_set but without value.

Examples

iex> map_set = MapSet.new([1, 2, 3])
iex> MapSet.delete(map_set, 4)
#MapSet<[1, 2, 3]>
iex> MapSet.delete(map_set, 2)
#MapSet<[1, 3]>
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difference(map_set1, map_set2)

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difference(t(val1), t(val2)) :: t(val1)
when val1: value(), val2: value()

Returns a set that is map_set1 without the members of map_set2.

Examples

iex> MapSet.difference(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([2, 3, 4]))
#MapSet<[1]>
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disjoint?(map_set1, map_set2)

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disjoint?(t(), t()) :: boolean()

Checks if map_set1 and map_set2 have no members in common.

Examples

iex> MapSet.disjoint?(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([3, 4]))
true
iex> MapSet.disjoint?(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([2, 3]))
false
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equal?(map_set1, map_set2)

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equal?(t(), t()) :: boolean()

Checks if two sets are equal.

The comparison between elements must be done using ===/2.

Examples

iex> MapSet.equal?(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([2, 1, 1]))
true
iex> MapSet.equal?(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([3, 4]))
false
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intersection(map_set, map_set)

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intersection(t(val), t(val)) :: t(val) when val: value()

Returns a set containing only members that map_set1 and map_set2 have in common.

Examples

iex> MapSet.intersection(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([2, 3, 4]))
#MapSet<[2]>

iex> MapSet.intersection(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([3, 4]))
#MapSet<[]>
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member?(map_set, value)

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member?(t(), value()) :: boolean()

Checks if map_set contains value.

Examples

iex> MapSet.member?(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]), 2)
true
iex> MapSet.member?(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]), 4)
false

Returns a new set.

Examples

iex> MapSet.new()
#MapSet<[]>
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new(enumerable)

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new(Enum.t()) :: t()

Creates a set from an enumerable.

Examples

iex> MapSet.new([:b, :a, 3])
#MapSet<[3, :a, :b]>
iex> MapSet.new([3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1])
#MapSet<[1, 2, 3]>
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new(enumerable, transform)

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new(Enum.t(), (term() -> val)) :: t(val) when val: value()

Creates a set from an enumerable via the transformation function.

Examples

iex> MapSet.new([1, 2, 1], fn x -> 2 * x end)
#MapSet<[2, 4]>
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put(map_set, value)

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put(t(val), new_val) :: t(val | new_val)
when val: value(), new_val: value()

Inserts value into map_set if map_set doesn't already contain it.

Examples

iex> MapSet.put(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]), 3)
#MapSet<[1, 2, 3]>
iex> MapSet.put(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]), 4)
#MapSet<[1, 2, 3, 4]>

Returns the number of elements in map_set.

Examples

iex> MapSet.size(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]))
3
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subset?(map_set1, map_set2)

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subset?(t(), t()) :: boolean()

Checks if map_set1's members are all contained in map_set2.

This function checks if map_set1 is a subset of map_set2.

Examples

iex> MapSet.subset?(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]))
true
iex> MapSet.subset?(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]), MapSet.new([1, 2]))
false
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to_list(map_set)

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to_list(t(val)) :: [val] when val: value()

Converts map_set to a list.

Examples

iex> MapSet.to_list(MapSet.new([1, 2, 3]))
[1, 2, 3]
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union(map_set1, map_set2)

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union(t(val1), t(val2)) :: t(val1 | val2)
when val1: value(), val2: value()

Returns a set containing all members of map_set1 and map_set2.

Examples

iex> MapSet.union(MapSet.new([1, 2]), MapSet.new([2, 3, 4]))
#MapSet<[1, 2, 3, 4]>