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Membrane H.264 and H.265 parsers. It is a pair of Membrane elements responsible for parsing the incoming H.264 and H.265 streams. The parsing is done as a sequence of the following steps:

  • splitting the stream into stream NAL units
  • Parsing the NAL unit headers, so that to read the type of the NAL unit
  • Parsing the NAL unit body with the appropriate scheme, based on the NAL unit type read in the step before
  • Aggregating the NAL units into a stream of access units

The output of the element is the incoming binary payload, enriched with the metadata describing the division of the payload into access units.

It is part of Membrane Multimedia Framework.


The package can be installed by adding membrane_h26x_plugin to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:

def deps do
    {:membrane_h26x_plugin, "~> 0.10.0"}


The following pipeline takes H264 file, parses it, and then decodes it to the raw video.

defmodule Decoding.Pipeline do
  use Membrane.Pipeline

  alias Membrane.{File, H264}

  @impl true
  def handle_init(_ctx, _opts) do
    spec =
      child(:source, %File.Source{location: "test/fixtures/input-10-720p-main.h264"})
      |> child(:parser, H264.Parser)
      |> child(:decoder, H264.FFmpeg.Decoder)
      |> child(:sink, %File.Sink{location: "output.raw"})

    {[spec: spec], nil}

  @impl true
  def handle_element_end_of_stream(:sink, _ctx_, state) do
    {[terminate: :normal], state}

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