Live navigation View Source

LiveView provides functionality to allow page navigation using the browser's pushState API. With live navigation, the page is updated without a full page reload.

You can trigger live navigation in two ways:

For example, in a template you may write:

<%= live_patch "next", to: Routes.live_path(@socket, MyLive, @page + 1) %>

or in a LiveView:

{:noreply, push_patch(socket, to: Routes.live_path(socket, MyLive, page + 1))}

The "patch" operations must be used when you want to navigate to the current LiveView, simply updating the URL and the current parameters, without mounting a new LiveView. When patch is used, the handle_params/3 callback is invoked and the minimal set of changes are sent to the client. See the next section for more information.

The "redirect" operations must be used when you want to dismount the current LiveView and mount a new one. In those cases, an Ajax request is made to fetch the necessary information about the new LiveView, which is mounted in place of the current one within the current layout. While redirecting, a phx-loading class is added to the LiveView, which can be used to indicate to the user a new page is being loaded.

At the end of the day, regardless if you invoke link/2, live_patch/2, and live_redirect/2 from the client, or redirect/2, push_patch/2, and push_redirect/2 from the server, the user will end-up on the same page. The difference between those is mostly the amount of data sent over the wire:

An easy rule of thumb is to stick with live_redirect/2 and push_redirect/2 and use the patch helpers only in the cases where you want to minimize the amount of data sent when navigating within the same LiveView (for example, if you want to change the sorting of a table while also updating the URL).


The handle_params/3 callback is invoked after mount/3 and before the initial render. It is also invoked every time live_patch/2 or push_patch/2 are used. It receives the request parameters as first argument, the url as second, and the socket as third.

For example, imagine you have a UserTable LiveView to show all users in the system and you define it in the router as:

live "/users", UserTable

Now to add live sorting, you could do:

<%= live_patch "Sort by name", to: Routes.live_path(@socket, UserTable, %{sort_by: "name"}) %>

When clicked, since we are navigating to the current LiveView, handle_params/3 will be invoked. Remember you should never trust the received params, so you must use the callback to validate the user input and change the state accordingly:

def handle_params(params, _uri, socket) do
  socket =
    case params["sort_by"] do
      sort_by when sort_by in ~w(name company) -> assign(socket, sort_by: sort_by)
      _ -> socket

  {:noreply, load_users(socket)}

As with other handle_* callbacks, changes to the state inside handle_params/3 will trigger a server render.

Note the parameters given to handle_params/3 are the same as the ones given to mount/3. So how do you decide which callback to use to load data? Generally speaking, data should always be loaded on mount/3, since mount/3 is invoked once per LiveView life-cycle. Only the params you expect to be changed via live_patch/2 or push_patch/2 must be loaded on handle_params/3.

For example, imagine you have a blog. The URL for a single post is: "/blog/posts/:post_id". In the post page, you have comments and they are paginated. You use live_patch/2 to update the shown comments every time the user paginates, updating the URL to "/blog/posts/:post_id?page=X". In this example, you will access "post_id" on mount/3 and the page of comments on handle_params/3.

Furthermore, it is very important to not access the same parameters on both mount/3 and handle_params/3. For example, do NOT do this:

def mount(%{"post_id" => post_id}, session, socket) do
  # do something with post_id

def handle_params(%{"post_id" => post_id, "page" => page}, url, socket) do
  # do something with post_id and page

If you do that, because mount/3 is called once and handle_params/3 multiple times, the "post_id" read on mount can get out of sync with the one in handle_params/3. So once a parameter is read on mount, it should not be read elsewhere. Instead, do this:

def mount(%{"post_id" => post_id}, session, socket) do
  # do something with post_id

def handle_params(%{"sort_by" => sort_by}, url, socket) do
  post_id =
  # do something with sort_by

Replace page address

LiveView also allows the current browser URL to be replaced. This is useful when you want certain events to change the URL but without polluting the browser's history. This can be done by passing the replace: true option to any of the navigation helpers.

Multiple LiveViews in the same page

LiveView allows you to have multiple LiveViews in the same page by calling Phoenix.LiveView.Helpers.live_render/3 in your templates. However, only the LiveViews defined directly in your router can use the "Live Navigation" functionality described here. This is important because LiveViews work closely with your router, guaranteeing you can only navigate to known routes.