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Loupe is query language for Ecto schema inspection in a safe and configurable manner.

You can see this example app to understand how it applies with Ecto.



Until Loupe reaches 1.x.x, it's considered experimental. The syntax will change, APIs will change and structure will too. We'll do our best to respect semantic versioning and avoid big breaking changes but they can happen.



If available in Hex, the package can be installed by adding loupe to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:

def deps do
    {:loupe, "~> 0.1.0"}

Documentation can be generated with ExDoc and published on HexDocs. Once published, the docs can be found at



The basic syntax has the following format

get [quantifier?] [schema] where [predicates]
  • quantifier is how many records you want. You can provide a positive integer (1, 2, 3 ...), a range (1..10, 10..20, 50..100) or all.
  • schema needs to be an alphanumeric indentifier that you registered in the Definition (See Ecto Usage for exmaple).
  • predicates needs to be a combinaison or operators and boolean operators.


Cool stuff

You can use k and m quantifiers for numbers. Writing get all User where money > 100k translates to get all User where money > 100000.



The are a couple of basic operators like <, >, <=, >=, =, !=.

But also some textual operators:

  • in is used with lists, like age in [18, 21]
  • like is used with strings and automatically wraps in %.

You can also use the keyword :empty as a null checker like age :empty.

Textual operators and :empty can be prefixed with not to negate the expression: not like, not in, age not :empty.

For boolean, the binding can be provided as is and prefixed by not for false. Example where active or where not enabled.


Boolean Operators

So far, the syntax supprts and and or and use parenthese to scope the expressions.


Ecto usage


Create a Definition module

The Definition module is necessary for Loupe to work with your Ecto schema. In this module you define the schemas that are allowed to be queried and the fields that are permitted for querying.

All callbacks accepts a last argument called "assigns". The assigns are provided to you when evaluating the query allowing you to alter the defition. You could, for instance, add a user's role to the assign and use that role to filter out the allowed schemas so that only admins can query Users.

defmodule MyApp.Loupe.Definition do
    @moduledoc """
    Example Ecto definition for the modules defined above.
    @behaviour Loupe.Ecto.Definition

    @schemas %{
      "Post" => Post,
      "User" => User,
      "Role" => Role

    @impl Loupe.Ecto.Definition
    def schemas(%{role: "admin"}), do: @schemas
    def schemas(_), do: Map.take(@schemas, ["Post", "User"])

    @impl Loupe.Ecto.Definition
    def schema_fields(_, %{role: "admin"}), do: :all
    def schema_fields(Post, _), do: {:only, [:title, :body]}
    def schema_fields(User, _), do: {:only, [:email, :posts]}
    def schema_fields(_, _), do: :all

    @impl Loupe.Ecto.Definition
    def scope_schema(schema, _), do: schema

Once you have this definition, you can try some queries

{:ok, ast} = Loupe.Language.compile(~s|get all User where age > 18|)
{:ok, ecto_query} = Loupe.Ecto.build_query(ast, MyApp.Loupe.Definition, %{role: "admin"})



Here are some things that I would like Loupe to support:

  • Sorting a query, current ideas involves
    • get all User order asc inserted_at
    • get all User where age > 10 ordered asc inserted_at.
  • Support some more complex fields prefixed by ~ (or whatever syntax, inspired by elixir's sigils) like the examples below
    • get all Product where price = ~99.99$ and have that use the Elixir money lib.
    • get all Item where ratio = ~1/4
  • Replace SQLite in test for Postgres and replace like for ilike in the Ecto Query builder. It has been done like that to avoid messing around with a postgres container only for test but I think it's better to go that route for maximum featureset.
  • Implement a LiveView UI lib that shows the strucutres as expandable. Being able to click on a User's posts to automatically preload all of its nested Posts.
    • Also have "block" UI module where you can simply create a query from dropdowns in a form for non-power user.
  • Make lexer and parser swappable. Right now, you are stuck with the internal structure that I came up with. The idea would be to allow some to swap the syntax for anything they want. For instance, a french team could implement a french query language to give to their normal user.



You can see the file to know more about the contributing guidelines.

Pull requests are welcome!