Shopifex

A simple boilerplate package for creating Shopify embedded apps with the Elixir Phoenix framework. https://hexdocs.pm/shopifex

For from-scratch setup instructions (out of date, refer to this Readme for Shopifex setup), read Create an Elixir Phoenix Shopify App in 5 Minutes

Installation

The package can be installed by adding shopifex to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:

def deps do
  [
    {:shopifex, "~> 0.6"}
  ]
end

Quickstart

Create the shop schema where the installation data will be stored:

mix phx.gen.schema Shop shops url:string access_token:string scope:string
mix ecto.migrate

Add the :shopifex config settings to your config.ex. More config details here

config :shopifex,
  app_name: "MyApp",
  shop_schema: MyApp.Shop,
  web_module: MyAppWeb,
  repo: MyApp.Repo,
  path_prefix: "/shopfy-app", # optional, default is "" (empty string). This is useful for umbrella apps scoped by a reverse proxy
  redirect_uri: "https://myapp.ngrok.io/auth/install",
  reinstall_uri: "https://myapp.ngrok.io/auth/update",
  webhook_uri: "https://myapp.ngrok.io/webhook",
  scopes: "read_inventory,write_inventory,read_products,write_products,read_orders",
  api_key: "shopifyapikey123",
  secret: "shopifyapisecret456",
  webhook_topics: ["app/uninstalled"] # These are automatically subscribed on a store upon install

Update your endpoint.ex to include the custom body parser. This is necessary for HMAC validation to work.

plug Plug.Parsers,
  parsers: [:urlencoded, :multipart, :json],
  pass: ["*/*"],
  body_reader: {ShopifexWeb.CacheBodyReader, :read_body, []},
  json_decoder: Phoenix.json_library()

Add this line near the top of router.ex to include the Shopifex pipelines

ShopifexWeb.Routes.pipelines()

Now the following pipelines are accessible:

  • :shopify_browser -> Calls custom Shopifex fetch_flash amd removes iframe blocking headers as well as standard :browser router pipeline.
  • :shopify_session -> Ensures that a valid store is in the session and is accessible in your controllers/templates as conn.private.shop. Determines current store based on Shopifex JWT or Shopify session token found in a token parameter or Authorization header. Places a Shopifex JWT in the conn which can be accessed via Guardian.Plug.current_token/1.
  • :shopify_webhook -> Validates webhook request HMAC and makes shop accessible in your controllers/templates as conn.private.shop.
  • :admin_links -> Fetches flash and removes iframe headers. Useful for admin link endpoints.
  • :shopify_api -> Ensures that a valid Shopify session token or Shopifex token are present in Authorization header.

Now add this basic example of these plugs in action in router.ex. These endpoints need to be added to your Shopify app whitelist

Routing

# Include all auth (when Shopify requests to render your app in an iframe), installation and update routes 
ShopifexWeb.Routes.auth_routes(MyAppWeb)

# Endpoints accessible within the Shopify admin panel iFrame.
# Don't include this scope block if you are creating a SPA.
scope "/", MyAppWeb do
  pipe_through [:shopify_browser, :shopify_session]

  get "/", PageController, :index
end

# Make your webhook endpoint look like this
scope "/webhook", MyAppWeb do
  pipe_through [:shopify_webhook]

  post "/", WebhookController, :action
end

# Place your admin link endpoints in here
scope "/admin-links", MyAppWeb do
  pipe_through [:admin_links, :shopify_webhook]

  get "/do-a-thing", AdminLinkController, :do_a_thing
end

Create a new controller called auth_controller.ex to handle the initial iFrame load and installation

defmodule MyAppWeb.AuthController do
  use MyAppWeb, :controller
  use ShopifexWeb.AuthController

  # Thats it! Validation, installation are now handled for you :)
  
  # Optionally, override the `after_install` callback
  def after_install(conn, shop) do
    # TODO: send yourself an e-mail
    # follow default behaviour.
    super(conn, shop)
  end
end

Setting up your application as a SPA? Read this before continuing Single Page Applications

create another controller called webhook_controller.ex to handle incoming Shopify webhooks (optional)

defmodule MyAppWeb.WebhookController do
  use MyAppWeb, :controller
  use ShopifexWeb.WebhookController

  # add as many handle_topic/3 functions here as you like! This basic one handles app uninstallation
  def handle_topic(conn, shop, "app/uninstalled") do
    Shopifex.Shops.delete_shop(shop)

    conn
    |> send_resp(200, "success")
  end

  # Mandatory Shopify shop data erasure GDPR webhook. Simply delete the shop record
  def handle_topic(conn, shop, "shop/redact") do
    Shopifex.Shops.delete_shop(shop)

    conn
    |> send_resp(204, "")
  end

  # Mandatory Shopify customer data erasure GDPR webhook. Simply delete the shop (customer) record
  def handle_topic(conn, shop, "customers/redact") do
    Shopifex.Shops.delete_shop(shop)

    conn
    |> send_resp(204, "")
  end

  # Mandatory Shopify customer data request GDPR webhook.
  def handle_topic(conn, _shop, "customers/data_request") do
    # Send an email of the shop data to the customer.
    conn
    |> send_resp(202, "Accepted")
  end
end

Maintaining session between page loads for server-rendered applications

As browsers continue to restrict cookies, cookies become more unreliable as a method for maintaining a session within an iFrame. To address this, Shopify recommends passing a JWT session token back and forth between requests.

Shopifex makes a token accessible with Guardian.Plug.current_token(conn) in any controller which is behind the :shopify_session router pipeline.

Ensure there is a token parameter sent along in any requests which you would like to maintain session between.

EEx template link:

<%= link "home", to: Routes.page_path(@conn, :index, %{token: Guardian.Plug.current_token(conn)}) %>

EEx template form:

<%= form_for :foo, Routes.foo_path(MyApp.Endpoint, :new, %{token: Guardian.Plug.current_token(@conn)}), fn f -> %>
  <%= submit "Submit" %>
<% end %>

Update app permissions

You can also update the app permissions after installation. To do so, first you have to add your-redirect-url.com/auth/update to Shopify's whitelist.

To add e.g. the read_customers scope, you can do so by redirecting them to the following example url:

https://{shop-name}.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/request_grant?client_id=API_KEY&redirect_uri={YOUR_REINSTALL_URL}/auth/update&scope={YOUR_SCOPES},read_customers

Add payment guards to routes

This system allows you to use the Shopifex.Plug.PaymentGuard plug. If the merchant does not have an active grant associated with the named guard, it will redirect them to a plan selection page, allow them to pay, and handle the payment callback all automatically. I am working on the admin panel where you can register Plan objects which grant premium_plan (for example) - but for now these need to be entered manually into the database.

Generate the schemas

mix phx.gen.schema Shops.Plan plans name:string price:string features:array:string grants:array:string test:boolean usages:integer type:string

mix phx.gen.schema Shops.Grant grants shop:references:shops charge_id:integer grants:array:string remaining_usages:integer total_usages:integer

Add the config options:

config :my_app,
  payment_guard: MyApp.Shops.PaymentGuard,
  grant_schema: MyApp.Shops.Grant,
  plan_schema: MyApp.Shops.Plan,
  payment_redirect_uri: "https://myapp.ngrok.io/payment/complete"

Serve the Shopifex assets for the plans selection page. Add the following to endpoint.ex:

# Serve at "/shopifex-assets" the static files from shopifex.
plug Plug.Static,
  at: "/shopifex-assets",
  from: :shopifex,
  gzip: false,
  only: ~w(css fonts images js favicon.ico robots.txt)

Create the payment guard module:

defmodule MyApp.Shops.PaymentGuard do
  use Shopifex.PaymentGuard
end

Create a new payment controller:

defmodule MyAppWeb.PaymentController do
  use MyAppWeb, :controller
  use ShopifexWeb.PaymentController
end

Add payment routes to router.ex:

ShopifexWeb.Routes.payment_routes(MyAppWeb)

To manage plans, I recommend using kaffy admin package

Now you can protect routes or controller actions with the Shopifex.Plug.PaymentGuard plug. Here is an example of it in action on an admin link

defmodule MyAppWeb.AdminLinkController do
  use MyAppWeb, :controller
  require Logger

  plug Shopifex.Plug.PaymentGuard, "premium_plan" when action in [:premium_function]
  
  def premium_function(conn, _params) do
    # Wow, much premium.
    conn
    |> send_resp(200, "success")
  end
end

Single Page Applications

SPA Shopify applications are also supported with Shopifex for developers who wish to host their front-end application separately from the back-end. This approach takes advantage of Shopify session tokens.

Adjust your router.ex file. You may notice some routes are no longer necessary compared to the quick-start guide.

ShopifexWeb.Routes.pipelines()

# These routes will take care of installation/update
ShopifexWeb.Routes.auth_routes(ShopifyAppWeb)

# API routes for your SPA to hit with the axios instance
scope "/api", MyAppWeb do
  pipe_through [:shopify_api]
  
  # An endpoint which your SPA can call on load to get whatever initialization data your app needs.
  # The options macro is required to allow CORS requests on the route.
  options "/initialize", AuthController, :initialize
  get "/initialize", AuthController, :initialize
  
  # Add authenticated routes here as needed.
end

And for that /initialize endpoint, consider this adjustment to MyAppWeb.AuthController and update based on your needs. Perhaps you also want to serialize and return some more information needed by your SPA at startup.

defmodule MyAppWeb.AuthController do
  use MyAppWeb, :controller
  use ShopifexWeb.AuthController
  
  def initialize(conn, _params) do
    shop = Guardian.Plug.current_resource(conn)
    
    render(conn, "initialize.json", %{shop: shop})
  end
end

Now, integrate Shopify session tokens into the Axios instance of your SPA. Then from your SPA:

import createApp from '@shopify/app-bridge';
// Import your Shopify session_token axios instance based on the Shopify session token axios instructions
import instance from './axios-instance';

const urlParams = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search);
const shopOrigin = urlParams.get('shop');

window.app = createApp({
  apiKey: "MY_SHOPIFY_API_KEY",
  shopOrigin,
});

// Use your axios instance to call the /api/initialize endpoint
const sessionData = await instance.get('/api/initialize');
// Now you will have access to the current shop and Bob's-yer-uncle!