View Source Installation

Oban is published on Hex. Add it to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:

# mix.exs
def deps do
    {:oban, "~> 2.17"}

Then run mix deps.get to install Oban and its dependencies, including Ecto and Jason. You'll optionally need to include either Postgrex for use with Postgres, or EctoSQLite3 for SQLite3.

After the packages are installed you must create a database migration to add the oban_jobs table to your database:

mix ecto.gen.migration add_oban_jobs_table

Open the generated migration in your editor and call the up and down functions on Oban.Migration:

defmodule MyApp.Repo.Migrations.AddObanJobsTable do
  use Ecto.Migration

  def up do
    Oban.Migration.up(version: 12)

  # We specify `version: 1` in `down`, ensuring that we'll roll all the way back down if
  # necessary, regardless of which version we've migrated `up` to.
  def down do
    Oban.Migration.down(version: 1)

This will run all of Oban's versioned migrations for your database. Migrations between versions are idempotent and rarely† change after a release. As new versions are released you may need to run additional migrations.

† The only exception is the removal of oban_beats. That table is no longer created or modified in any migrations

Now, run the migration to create the table:

mix ecto.migrate

Before you can run an Oban instance you must provide some base configuration:


Running with Postgres requires using the Oban.Engines.Basic engine:

# config/config.exs
config :my_app, Oban,
  engine: Oban.Engines.Basic,
  queues: [default: 10],
  repo: MyApp.Repo


Running with SQLite3 requires using the Oban.Engines.Lite engine:

# config/config.exs
config :my_app, Oban,
  engine: Oban.Engines.Lite,
  queues: [default: 10],
  repo: MyApp.Repo

To prevent Oban from running jobs and plugins during test runs, enable :testing mode in test.exs:

# config/test.exs
config :my_app, Oban, testing: :inline

Oban instances are isolated supervision trees and must be included in your application's supervisor to run. Use the application configuration you've just set and include Oban in the list of supervised children:

# lib/my_app/application.ex
def start(_type, _args) do
  children = [
    {Oban, Application.fetch_env!(:my_app, Oban)}

  Supervisor.start_link(children, strategy: :one_for_one, name: MyApp.Supervisor)

Finally, verify that Oban is configured and running properly. Within a new iex -S mix session:

iex(1)> Oban.config()
#=> %Oban.Config{repo: MyApp.Repo}

You're all set! Get started creating jobs and configuring queues in Usage, or head to the testing guide to learn how to test with Oban.