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An Elixir library for Z-Wave


def deps do
    {:grizzly, "~> 5.2"}

Hardware Requirements

The zipgateway binary allows Grizzly to use Z-Wave over IP or Z/IP. Using the zipgateway binary provided by Silicon labs allows Grizzly to support the full range of Z-Wave features quickly and reliability. Some of the more advanced features like S2 security and smart start are already supported in Grizzly.

See instructions below for compiling the zipgateway binary and/or running locally.

If you want a quick reference to common uses of Grizzly see the cookbook docs.

Basic Usage

Grizzly exposes a supervisor Grizzly.Supervisor for the consuming application to add to its supervisor tree. This gives the most flexibility and control over when Grizzly's processes start. Common ways to start Grizzly can look like:

# all the default options are fine

# using custom hardware where the serial port is different than the default
# the default serial port is /dev/ttyUSB0.
Grizzly.Supervisor.start_link(serial_port: "/dev/ttyS4")

# if your system is using zipgateway-env and/or something other than Grizzly
# will start and manage running the zipgateway binary
Grizzly.Supervisor.start_link(run_zipgateway: false)

There are other configuration options you can pass to Grizzly but the above are most common options. The Grizzly.Supervisor docs explains all the options in more detail.

To use a device you have to add it to the Z-Wave network. This is "called including a device" or "starting an inclusion." While most of the Grizzly's API is synchronous the process of adding a node is not. So, if you are working from the IEx console you can use flush to see the newly add device. Here's how this process roughly goes.

iex> Grizzly.Inclusions.add_node()
iex> flush
{:grizzly, :report,  %Grizzly.Report{
  command: %Grizzly.ZWave.Command{
    name: :node_add_status,
    params: [<node info in here>]

To remove a device we have to do an exclusion. Z-Wave uses the umbrella term "inclusions" for both adding a removing a device, but an "inclusion" is only about device pairing and "exclusion" is only about device removal. The way to remove the device from your network in IEx:

iex> Grizzly.Inclusions.remove_node()
iex> flush
{:grizzly, :report,  %Grizzly.Report{
  command: %Grizzly.ZWave.Command{
    name: :node_remove_status,
    params: [<node info in here>]

There are more details about this process and how to better tie into the Grizzly runtime for this events in Grizzly.Inclusions.

After you included a node it will be given a node id that you can use to send Z-Wave commands to it. Say for example we added an on off switch to our network, in Z-Wave this will be called a binary switch, and it was given the id of 5. Turning it off and on would look like this in IEx:

iex> Grizzly.send_command(5, :switch_binary_set, target_value: :on)
{:ok, %Grizzly.Report{}}
iex> Grizzly.send_command(5, :switch_binary_set, target_value: :off)
{:ok, %Grizzly.Report{}}

For more documentation on what Grizzly.send_command/4 can return see the Grizzly and Grizzly.Report module documentation.

Successful Commands

  1. {:ok, %Grizzly.Report{type: :ack_response}} - normally for setting things on a device or changing the device's state
  2. {:ok, %Grizzly.Report{type: :command}} - this is normally returned when asking for a device state or about some information about a device or Z-Wave network. The command be access by the :command field field of the report.
  3. {:ok, %Grizzly.Report{type: :queued}} - some devices sleep, so sending a command to it will be queued for some amount of type that can be access in the :queued_delay field. Once a device wakes up the calling process will receive the messages in this form: {:grizzly, :report, %Grizzly.Report{}} where the type can either be :queued_ping or :command. To check if the report you receive was queued you can check the :queued field in the report.
  4. {:ok, %Grizzly.Report{type: :timeout}} - the command was sent but for some reason this commanded timed out.

When things go wrong

  1. {:error, :nack_response} - for when the node is not responding to the command. Grizzly has automatic retries, so if you got this message that might mean the node is reachable, your Z-Wave network is experiencing a of traffic, or the node has recently been hit with a lot of commands and cannot handle anymore at this moment.
  2. {:error, :including} - the Z-Wave controller is currently in the inclusion state and the controller cannot send any commands currently
  3. {:error, :firmware_updating} - the Z-Wave controller is currently in the process of having it's firmware updated and is not able to send commands

More information about Grizzly.send_command/4 and the options like timeouts and retries that can be passed to see the Grizzly module.

More information about reports see the documentation in the Grizzly.Report module.

Unsolicited Messages

When reports are sent from the Z-Wave network to the controller without the controller asking for a report these are called unsolicited messages. A concrete example of this is when you manually unlock a lock, the controller will receive a message from the device if the associations are setup correctly (see Grizzly.Node.set_lifeline_association/2 for more information). You can listen for these reports using one of the following functions:


# manually unlock a lock


{:grizzly, :report, %Grizzly.Report{type: :unsolicited}}

To know what reports a device sends please see the device's user manual as these events will be outlined by the manufacture in the manual.

Supported Command Classes

Command ClassVersionNotes
Alarm (Notification)8
Anti-theft Unlock1
Application Status1
Association Group Info3
Barrier Operator1
Binary Sensor2*Partial support, obsoleted by spec
Binary Switch2
Central Scene3
CRC-16 Encapsulation1
Device Reset Locally1
Door Lock4
Firmware Update MD7
Multi-channel association4
Multilevel Sensor11*Partial support
Multilevel Switch4
NM Basic Node2
NM Inclusion4
NM Installation and Maintenance4
NM Proxy3*Partial support for v4
No Operation1
Node Naming and Location1
Node Provisioning1
Scene Activation1
Scene Actuator Configuration1
Schedule Entry Lock3
Security1*Partial support
Security 21*Partial support
Sound Switch2
Thermostat Fan Mode1
Thermostat Fan State2
Thermostat Mode2
Thermostat Operating State1
Thermostat Setback1
Thermostat Setpoint3*Partial support
Time Parameters1
User Code2
Wake Up3
Window Covering1
Z/IP Gateway1*Partial support
Z-Wave Plus Info2

Get Started

Quick and Fast running locally

If you want to run Grizzly locally for development and/or learning before going through the challenge of compiling and running in Nerves we recommend the zipgateway-env project. This provides a docker container and CLI for compiling and running different versions of zipgateway.

Nerves Devices (WIP)

First download the Z/IP GW SDK from Silicon Labs. You'll need to create an account with them to do this, but the download is free.

The default binaries that come with the download will not work by default in Nerves system, so you will need to compile the source for your target. The source code can be found in the Source directory.

This can be tricky and the instructions are a work in progress, so for now please contact us if you any troubles.

Connecting zipgateway to Grizzly

zipgateway runs as a separate server, accessed over a DTLS (UDP over SSL) connection. Grizzly will automatically start this server. It assumes the executable is in /usr/sbin/zipgateway. If this is not the case, you can specify the actual location with

config :grizzly,
  zipgateway_path: "«path»"

Grizzly uses the taptun module to manage the TCP connection: it checks that this is loaded as it starts.

Configuring zipgateway

The zipgateway binary is passed a configuration file named zipgateway.cfg. This has configuration parameters around networking and setting device specific information. Most of these configuration settings are static, so Grizzly can handle those for you in a reliable way. However, there are few exposed configuration options to allow some customization around device specific information, logging, and network interface set up.

Supported configuration fields are documented in Grizzly.Supervisor.arg/0.

For the most part if you are using Grizzly to run zipgateway the defaults should just work.

When going through certification you will need provide some device specific information:

config :grizzly,
  zipgateway_cfg: %{
    manufacturer_id: 0,
    product_type: 1,
    product_id: 1,
    hardware_version: 1

The manufacturer_id will be given to you by Silicon Labs, and will default to 0if not set (this is zipgateway level default).

The above fields have no impact on the Grizzly runtime, and are only useful for certification processes.

When running zipgateway binary out side of Grizzly this configuration field is ignored and you will need to pass in the location to your configuration like so:

zipgateway -c /path/to/zipgateway.cfg

Virtual devices

Grizzly provides a way to work with virtual devices. These devices should work as their hardware counterparts, however, the state of these devices are held in memory.

Grizzly provides to example virtual devices:

  1. Grizzly.VirtualDevices.Thermostat
  2. Grizzly.VirtualDevices.TemperatureSensor

To use These virtual devices you will have to start them using the start_link/1 call. These are not supervised by Grizzly, so you will need to add them to your supervision tree. The reason for this is to provide the maximum flexibility to the consumer application in terms of how processes are started and supervised.

After starting the device you can call the Grizzly.send_command/4 function to send the device a command.

{:ok, _pid} = Grizzly.VirtualDevices.Thermostat.start_link([])
{:ok, [{:virtual, _id} = virtual_device_id]} = Grizzly.Network.get_all_node_ids()

Grizzly.send_command(virtual_device_id, :thermostat_setpoint_get)

Virtual device ids are tuples where the first item is the atom :virtual and the second item an integer of the device id, for example: {:virtual, device_id}. Grizzly provides a guard and a helper function for any checking you might have to do:

  1. Grizzly.is_virtual_device/1 (guard)
  2. Grizzly.virtual_device?/1 (function)

Also, the documentation for functions in Grizzly.Node and Grizzly.Network should indicate if they work with virtual devices.