View Source Welcome

Welcome to Phoenix LiveView documentation. Phoenix LiveView enables rich, real-time user experiences with server-rendered HTML. A general overview of LiveView and its benefits is available in our README.

This page is a brief introduction into the main abstractions in LiveView and our documentation.

Building blocks

There are three main building blocks in Phoenix LiveView: Phoenix.Component, Phoenix.LiveView, and Phoenix.LiveComponent.


A Phoenix.Component is a function that receives assigns and returns a rendered template. Let's see an example:

defmodule MyFirstComponent do
  use Phoenix.Component

  def greet(assigns) do
    <p>Hello, <%= @name %>!</p>

greet is a function that receives one argument: the assigns map. assigns is a key-value data structure with all attributes available to the function component.

This function uses the ~H sigil to return a rendered template. ~H stands for HEEx (HTML + EEx). HEEx is a template language for writing HTML mixed with Elixir interpolation. We can write Elixir code inside HEEx using <%= ... %> tags and we use @name to access the key name defined inside assigns.

Once you define a component, you can invoke it from other HEEx templates like this:

<MyFirstComponent.greet name="Mary" />

Which will then return:

<p>Hello, Mary!</p>

If you are invoking the component in the same module it is defined, you can skip the module prefix when invoking it:

<.greet name="Mary" />

Although components are part of LiveView, they are also used outside of LiveView to build high-level composable abstrations within our web applications.

You can learn more about components, HEEx templates, and their features in the Phoenix.Component module documentation.


LiveViews are processes that receives events, updates its state, and render updates to a page as diffs.

The LiveView programming model is declarative: instead of saying "once event X happens, change Y on the page", events in LiveView are regular messages which may cause changes to its state. Once the state changes, LiveView will re-render the relevant parts of its HTML template and push it to the browser, which updates itself in the most efficient manner.

The behaviour of a LiveView is outlined by a module which implements a series of functions as callbacks. Let's see an example:

defmodule MyAppWeb.ThermostatLive do
  # In Phoenix v1.6+ apps, the line is typically: use MyAppWeb, :live_view
  use Phoenix.LiveView

  def render(assigns) do
    Current temperature: <%= @temperature %>
    <button phx-click="inc_temperature">+</button>

  def mount(_params, %{"current_user_id" => user_id}, socket) do
    temperature = Thermostat.get_user_reading(user_id)
    {:ok, assign(socket, :temperature, temperature)}

  def handle_event("inc_temperature", _params, socket) do
    {:ok, update(socket, :temperature, &(&1 + 1))}

The module above defines three functions (they are callbacks required by LiveView). The first one is render/1, which works precisely as a function component: it receives data as assigns and returns a template. This is the template that will be rendered on the page.

The data used on rendering comes from the mount callback. The mount callback is invoked when the LiveView starts. In it, you can access the request parameters, read information stored in the session (typically information which identifies who is the current user), and a socket. The socket is where we keep all state, including assigns. mount proceeds to read the thermostat temperature for the user and store its value in the assigns. After mount, LiveView will render the page with the values from assigns.

If you look at the HTML rendered, you will notice there is a button with a phx-click attribute. When the button is clicked, a "inc_temperature" event is sent to the server, which is matched and handled by the handle_event callback. The callback updates the state which causes the page to be updated. LiveView then computes diffs and sends them to client.

In order to render your LiveView to users, you will first need to plug it in your router. We explain the required steps and detail other LiveView features and callbacks in the Phoenix.LiveView module documentation.


Phoenix.LiveComponent are modules that play a role between Phoenix.LiveView and Phoenix.Component.

Components allow us to encapsulate markup logic. LiveView are processes that encapsulate logic, state, and events. Sometimes, however, we want encapsulate some logic, state, and events (not only markup) between LiveViews, without creating a whole LiveView itself. That's exactly the goal of LiveComponents.

To learn more, check out Phoenix.LiveComponent documentation.


This documentation is split into two categories. We have the API reference for all LiveView modules, that's where you will learn more about Phoenix.Component, Phoenix.LiveView, and so on.

We also provide a series of guides around specific topics. The guides are divided in two categories: if they are server-centric or client-centric. You can explore them in the sidebar.

Happy learning!