View Source Cldr.Calendar behaviour (Cldr Calendars v1.21.0)

Calendar functions for calendars compatible with Elixir's Calendar behaviour.

Cldr.Calendar supports the creation of calendars that are variations on the proleptic Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian calendar. It also adds additional functions, defined by the Cldr.Calendar behaviour, to support these derived calendars.

The common purpose of these derived calendars is to support the creation and use of financial year calendars that are commonly used in business.

There are two general types of calendars supported:

  • month calendars that mirror the monthly structure of the proleptic Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian calendar but which are deemed to start the year in a month other than January.

  • week calendars that are defined to have a 52 week structure (53 weeks in a long year). These calendars can be configured to start or end on the first, last or nearest day to the beginning or end of a Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian month. The main intent behind this structure is to have each year start and end on the same day of the week with a consistent 13-week quarterly structure than enables a more straight forware comparison with same-period-last-year financial performance.

Link to this section Summary

Types

Specifies the type of a calendar.

Specifies the type of a calendar

Specifies the days of the week as integers.

The types of relationship between two Date.Range intervals

Represents the number of days since the calendar epoch.

Boolean indicating is this is a leap month

The precision for date intervals

Specifies the quarter of year for a calendar date.

Specifies the week of year for a calendar date.

Callbacks

Returns the calendar basis.

Returns a the year in a calendar year.

Returns the CLDR calendar type.

Returns a the cyclic year in a calendar year.

Returns the number of days in a year

Returns a the extended year in a calendar year.

Returns a tuple of {year, week_in_year} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

Returns a date range representing the days in a given month for a calendar year.

Returns the month for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

Returns the number of periods (which are months in a month calendar and weeks in a week calendar) in a year

Increments a Date.t or Date.Range.t by a specified positive or negative integer number of periods (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Returns a date range representing the days in a given quarter for a calendar year.

Returns a the related year in a calendar year.

Returns a date range representing the days in a given week for a calendar year.

Returns a tuple of {month, week_in_month} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

Returns a tuple of {year, week_in_year} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

Returns the number of weeks in a year

Returns a date range representing the days in a calendar year.

Functions

Returns a calendar configured according to the preferences defined for a locale.

Returns a calendar configured according to the preferences defined for a territory.

Return the calendar module for a locale.

Returns the calendar module preferred for a territory.

Returns a boolean indicating if a module is a Cldr.Calendar module

Returns the year number for a date that is the representation used for a calendar.

Returns the current date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Returns the cycle year number for a date.

Returns a date represented by a number of days since the start of the epoch.

Returns a Date.t from a date tuple of {year, month, day} and a calendar.

Returns the number of days since the start of the epoch.

Formats a date into a string representation

Returns the DateTime (defaulting to UTC timezone) for the given Modified Julian Day.

Returns the {day_of_era, era} for a date.

Returns the day of the year for a date.

Returns the default calendar.

Returns the extended year number for a date.

Returns the first day of a week for a given locale.

Returns the first date of a year for a Date.t.

Returns the first date of a year in a calendar.

Returns the gregorian date of the first day of of a year for a calendar.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Friday.

An inspect_fun/2 that can be configured in Inspect.Opts supporting inspection of user-defined calendars.

Returns an Enumerable list of dates of a given precision of either :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

Returns an a Stream function than can be lazily enumerated.

Returns the day of the week for a given iso_day_number

Returns the ISO week number for a date.

Returns the last date of a year for a Date.t.

Returns the last date of a year for a calendar.

Returns the gregorian date of the first day of a year for a calendar.

Localize a date by converting it to calendar introspected from the provided or default locale.

Returns a localized string for a part of a Date.t.

Returns the minimum days in the first week of a year for a given locale.

Decrements a date or date range by an integer amount of a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Returns the Modified Julian Day of a Date.t.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Monday

Returns the month number for a date.

Creates a new calendar based upon the provided configuration.

Returns the next date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Adds a duration to a date

Increments a date or date range by an integer amount of a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Returns the previous date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Returns the quarter number for a date.

Returns the related gregorian year number for a date.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Saturday.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Sunday.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Thursday.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Tuesday.

Validates if the argument is a Cldr.Calendar calendar module.

Returns the ordinal day number representing Wednesday.

Returns the {month, week_number} for a date.

Returns the {year, week_number} for a date.

Returns whether a given date is a weekday.

Returns a list of the days of the week that are considered a weekend for a given territory (country)

Returns a list of the days of the week that are considered a weekend for a given territory (country)

Returns whether a given date is a weekend day.

Returns the number of weeks in a year.

Returns the number of days in n weeks

Returns the {year_of_era, era} for a date.

Link to this section Types

@type calendar() :: module()

Specifies the type of a calendar.

A calendar is a module that implements the Calendar and Cldr.Calendar behaviours.

@type calendar_type() :: :month | :week

Specifies the type of a calendar

@type day_of_week() :: 1..7

Specifies the days of the week as integers.

Days of the week are encoded as the integers 1 through 7 with 1 representig Monday and 7 representing Sunday.

Note that a calendar can be configured to start on any day of the week. day_of_week is only a way of encoding the days as an integer.

@type interval_relation() ::
  :precedes
  | :preceded_by
  | :meets
  | :met_by
  | :overlaps
  | :overlapped_by
  | :finished_by
  | :finishes
  | :contains
  | :during
  | :starts
  | :started_by
  | :equals

The types of relationship between two Date.Range intervals

@type iso_day_number() :: integer()

Represents the number of days since the calendar epoch.

The Calendar epoch is 0000-01-01 in the proleptic gregorian calendar.

@type leap_month?() :: boolean()

Boolean indicating is this is a leap month

@type precision() :: :years | :quarters | :months | :weeks | :days

The precision for date intervals

@type quarter() :: 1..4

Specifies the quarter of year for a calendar date.

@type week() :: pos_integer()

Specifies the week of year for a calendar date.

Link to this section Callbacks

@callback calendar_base() :: :week | :month

Returns the calendar basis.

Returns either :week or :month

Link to this callback

calendar_year(year, week, day)

View Source
@callback calendar_year(Calendar.year(), week(), Calendar.day()) :: Calendar.year()

Returns a the year in a calendar year.

@callback cldr_calendar_type() ::
  :gregorian | :persian | :coptic | :ethiopic | :chinese | :japanese | :dangi

Returns the CLDR calendar type.

Only algorithmic calendars are considered in this implementation

Link to this callback

cyclic_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback cyclic_year(Calendar.year(), Calendar.month(), Calendar.day()) ::
  Calendar.year()

Returns a the cyclic year in a calendar year.

@callback days_in_year(year :: Calendar.year()) :: Calendar.day()

Returns the number of days in a year

Link to this callback

extended_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback extended_year(Calendar.year(), Calendar.month(), Calendar.day()) ::
  Calendar.year()

Returns a the extended year in a calendar year.

Link to this callback

iso_week_of_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback iso_week_of_year(
  year :: Calendar.year(),
  month :: Calendar.month(),
  day :: Calendar.day()
) :: {Calendar.year(), Calendar.week()} | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a tuple of {year, week_in_year} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

The iso_week_of_year is calculated based on the ISO calendar.

@callback month(year :: Calendar.year(), month :: Calendar.month()) ::
  Date.Range.t() | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a date range representing the days in a given month for a calendar year.

Link to this callback

month_of_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback month_of_year(
  year :: Calendar.year(),
  month :: Calendar.month() | week(),
  day :: Calendar.day()
) :: Calendar.month() | {Calendar.month(), leap_month?()}

Returns the month for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

The month_of_year is calculated based upon the calendar configuration.

@callback periods_in_year(year :: Calendar.year()) :: week() | Calendar.month()

Returns the number of periods (which are months in a month calendar and weeks in a week calendar) in a year

Link to this callback

plus(year, month, day, months_or_quarters, increment, options)

View Source
@callback plus(
  year :: Calendar.year(),
  month :: Calendar.month() | week(),
  day :: Calendar.day(),
  months_or_quarters :: :months | :quarters,
  increment :: integer(),
  options :: Keyword.t()
) :: {Calendar.year(), Calendar.month(), Calendar.day()}

Increments a Date.t or Date.Range.t by a specified positive or negative integer number of periods (year, quarter, month, week or day).

Calendars need only implement this callback for :months and :quarters since all other date periods can be derived.

@callback quarter(year :: Calendar.year(), quarter :: quarter()) ::
  Date.Range.t() | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a date range representing the days in a given quarter for a calendar year.

Link to this callback

related_gregorian_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback related_gregorian_year(Calendar.year(), Calendar.month(), Calendar.day()) ::
  Calendar.year()

Returns a the related year in a calendar year.

@callback week(year :: Calendar.year(), week :: week()) ::
  Date.Range.t() | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a date range representing the days in a given week for a calendar year.

Link to this callback

week_of_month(year, week, day)

View Source
@callback week_of_month(Calendar.year(), week(), Calendar.day()) ::
  {Calendar.month(), week()} | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a tuple of {month, week_in_month} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

The week_in_month is calculated based upon the calendar configuration.

Link to this callback

week_of_year(year, month, day)

View Source
@callback week_of_year(
  year :: Calendar.year(),
  month :: Calendar.month() | week(),
  day :: Calendar.day()
) :: {Calendar.year(), Calendar.week()} | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a tuple of {year, week_in_year} for a given year, month or week, and day for a a calendar.

The week_in_year is calculated based upon the calendar configuration.

@callback weeks_in_year(year :: Calendar.year()) :: week() | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns the number of weeks in a year

@callback year(year :: Calendar.year()) :: Date.Range.t() | {:error, :not_defined}

Returns a date range representing the days in a calendar year.

Link to this section Functions

Link to this function

calendar_for_locale(locale, options \\ [])

View Source

Returns a calendar configured according to the preferences defined for a locale.

Link to this function

calendar_for_territory(territory, config \\ [])

View Source

Returns a calendar configured according to the preferences defined for a territory.

Link to this function

calendar_from_locale(locale)

View Source

Return the calendar module for a locale.

arguments

Arguments

  • :locale is any locale or locale name validated by Cldr.validate_locale/2. The default is Cldr.get_locale() which returns the locale set for the current process

returns

Returns

  • {:ok, calendar_module} or

  • {:error, {exception, reason}}

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_locale "en-US"
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.US}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_locale "en-GB-u-ca-gregory"
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.GB}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_locale "fa-IR"
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.Persian}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_locale "fa-IR-u-ca-gregory"
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.IR}
Link to this function

calendar_from_locale(locale, backend \\ Cldr.default_backend!())

View Source
Link to this function

calendar_from_territory(territory)

View Source

Returns the calendar module preferred for a territory.

arguments

Arguments

  • territory is any valid ISO3166-2 code as an String.t or upcased atom()

returns

Returns

  • {:ok, calendar_module} or

  • {:error, {exception, reason}}

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_territory :US
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.US}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_from_territory :YY
{:error, {Cldr.UnknownTerritoryError, "The territory :YY is unknown"}}

notes

Notes

The overwhelming majority of territories have :gregorian as their first preferred calendar and therefore Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian or a derivation of it will be returned for most territories.

Returning any other calendar module would require:

  1. That another calendar is preferred over :gregorian for a territory

  2. That a calendar module is available to support that calendar.

As an example, Iran (territory :IR) prefers the :persian calendar. If the optional library ex_cldr_calendars_persian is installed, the calendar module Cldr.Calendar.Persian will be returned. If it is not installed, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian will be returned as :gregorian is the second preference for :IR.

Link to this function

calendar_module?(module)

View Source

Returns a boolean indicating if a module is a Cldr.Calendar module

@spec calendar_year(Date.t()) :: Calendar.year()

Returns the year number for a date that is the representation used for a calendar.

The calendar year may be different the the year in the struct. The struct year is designed for convertability and for date/time arithmetic.

The representation in rendered calendar may be different. For example, in the Chinese calendar the cardinal year since epoch is stored in the struct but the calendar year used for representation is the sexigesimal year (a number between 1 and 60).

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • the calendar year as an integer.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_year ~D[2019-01-01]
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_year Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.calendar_year Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019

Returns the current date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_date_range is any Date.t or Date.Range.t

  • period is :year, :quarter, :month, :week or :day

returns

Returns

When a Date.t is passed, a Date.t is returned. When a Date.Range.t is passed a Date.Range.t is returned.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.current ~D[2019-01-01], :day
~D[2019-01-01]
@spec cyclic_year(Date.t()) :: Calendar.year()

Returns the cycle year number for a date.

A related gregorian year is the gregorian year that is most closely associated with a date that is in another calendar.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • the cyclic year as an integer.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.cyclic_year ~D[2019-01-01]
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.cyclic_year Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.cyclic_year Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019
Link to this function

date_from_iso_days(iso_day_number, calendar)

View Source
@spec date_from_iso_days(Calendar.iso_days() | iso_day_number(), calendar()) ::
  Date.t()

Returns a date represented by a number of days since the start of the epoch.

The start of the epoch is the date 0000-01-01.

argumenets

Argumenets

  • iso_days is an integer representing the number of days since the start of the epoch.

  • calendar is any module that implements the Calendar and Cldr.Calendar behaviours

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t()

example

Example

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_from_iso_days 737425, Calendar.ISO
~D[2019-01-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_from_iso_days 366, Calendar.ISO
~D[0001-01-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_from_iso_days 0, Calendar.ISO
~D[0000-01-01]
Link to this function

date_from_tuple(arg, calendar)

View Source

Returns a Date.t from a date tuple of {year, month, day} and a calendar.

arguments

Arguments

  • {year, month, day} is a tuple representing a date

  • calendar is any module implementing the Calendar and Cldr.Calendar behaviours

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_from_tuple {2019, 3, 25}, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 25, month: 3, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_from_tuple {2019, 2, 29}, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
{:error, :invalid_date}
@spec date_to_iso_days(Date.t()) :: iso_day_number()

Returns the number of days since the start of the epoch.

The start of the epoch is the date 0000-01-01.

argumenets

Argumenets

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • The integer number of days since the epoch for the given date.

example

Example

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_to_iso_days ~D[2019-01-01]
737425

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_to_iso_days ~D[0001-01-01]
366

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_to_iso_days ~D[0000-01-01]
0
@spec date_to_string(Date.t()) :: String.t()

Formats a date into a string representation

Note that the output is not decorated with the calendar module name.

example

Example

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_to_string ~D[2019-12-04]
"2019-12-04"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.date_to_string ~D[2019-23-04 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
"2019-W23-4"
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datetime_from_modified_julian_date(mjd)

View Source

Returns the DateTime (defaulting to UTC timezone) for the given Modified Julian Day.

arguments

Arguments

  • mjd is a number representing days passed since November 17, 1858 (Julian Calendar)

returns

Returns

  • a DateTime.t() at UTC timezone

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.datetime_from_modified_julian_date(59848)
~U[2022-09-26 00:00:00.000Z]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.datetime_from_modified_julian_date(59848.75)
~U[2022-09-26 18:00:00.000Z]
@spec day_of_era(Date.t()) :: {Calendar.day(), Calendar.era()}

Returns the {day_of_era, era} for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the days since the start of the era and the era of the year as a tuple

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_era ~D[2019-01-01]
{737060, 1}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_era Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
{737093, 1}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_era Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
{737456, 1}

See Date.day_of_week/1.

@spec day_of_year(Date.t()) :: Calendar.day()

Returns the day of the year for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the day of the year as an integer

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
1
iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_year ~D[2016-12-31]
366
iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_year ~D[2019-12-31]
365
iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_year ~D[2019-52-07 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
365
iex> Cldr.Calendar.day_of_year ~D[2012-53-07 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
372

See Date.days_in_month/1.

Returns the default calendar.

@spec extended_year(Date.t()) :: Calendar.year()

Returns the extended year number for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • the extended calendar year as an integer.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.extended_year ~D[2019-01-01]
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.extended_year Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019

iex> Cldr.Calendar.extended_year Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
2019
Link to this function

first_day_for_locale(locale)

View Source

Returns the first day of a week for a given locale.

Note that the first of the first week is commonly not aligned with the first day of the year.

Link to this function

first_day_for_locale(locale, options \\ [])

View Source
Link to this function

first_day_for_territory(territory)

View Source
@spec first_day_of_year(date :: Date.t()) :: Date.t()

Returns the first date of a year for a Date.t.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t() or

  • {:error, :invalid_date}

examples

Examples

iex>  Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year ~D[2019-12-01]
~D[2019-01-01]
Link to this function

first_day_of_year(year, calendar)

View Source
@spec first_day_of_year(year :: Calendar.year(), calendar :: calendar()) :: Date.t()

Returns the first date of a year in a calendar.

arguments

Arguments

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t() or

  • {:error, :invalid_date}

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 1, month: 1, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.NRF, day: 1, month: 1, year: 2019}
Link to this function

first_gregorian_day_of_year(map)

View Source
Link to this function

first_gregorian_day_of_year(year, calendar)

View Source
@spec first_gregorian_day_of_year(Calendar.year(), calendar()) ::
  Date.t() | {:error, :invalid_date}

Returns the gregorian date of the first day of of a year for a calendar.

arguments

Arguments

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.first_gregorian_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 1, month: 1, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.first_gregorian_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 3, month: 2, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.first_gregorian_day_of_year ~D[2019-12-01]
~D[2019-01-01]
@spec friday() :: 5

Returns the ordinal day number representing Friday.

Link to this function

inspect(term, opts \\ [])

View Source
@spec inspect(term(), list()) :: Inspect.Algebra.t()

An inspect_fun/2 that can be configured in Inspect.Opts supporting inspection of user-defined calendars.

This function can be configured in IEx for Elixir version 1.9 and later by:

IEx.configure(inspect: [inspect_fun: &Cldr.Calendar.inspect/2])
:ok
Link to this function

interval(date_from, count, precision)

View Source
@spec interval(
  date_from :: Date.t(),
  date_to_or_count :: Date.t() | non_neg_integer(),
  precision()
) ::
  [Date.t()]

Returns an Enumerable list of dates of a given precision of either :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

arguments

Arguments

  • date_from is a any Date.t that is the start of the sequence

  • date_to_or_count is upper bound of the sequence as a Date.t or the number of dates in the sequence to be generated

  • precision is one of :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

The sequence is generated starting with date_from until the next date in the sequence would be after date_to.

notes

Notes

The sequence can be in ascending or descending date order based upon whether date_from is greater than date_to.

returns

Returns

  • A list of dates

examples

Examples

iex> d = ~D[2019-01-31]
~D[2019-01-31]
iex> d2 = ~D[2019-05-31]
~D[2019-05-31]
iex> Cldr.Calendar.interval d, 3, :months
[~D[2019-01-31], ~D[2019-02-28], ~D[2019-03-31]]
iex> Cldr.Calendar.interval d, d2, :months
[~D[2019-01-31], ~D[2019-02-28], ~D[2019-03-31],
 ~D[2019-04-30], ~D[2019-05-31]]
Link to this function

interval_stream(date_from, count, precision)

View Source
@spec interval_stream(
  date_from :: Date.t(),
  date_to_or_count :: Date.t() | non_neg_integer(),
  precision()
) :: (... -> any())

Returns an a Stream function than can be lazily enumerated.

This function has the same arguments and provides the same functionality as interval/3 except that it is lazily evaluated.

arguments

Arguments

  • date_from is a any Date.t that is the start of the sequence

  • date_to_or_count is upper bound of the sequence as a Date.t or the number of dates in the sequence to be generated

  • precision is one of :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

The sequence is generated starting with date_from until the next date in the sequence would be after date_to.

notes

Notes

The sequence can be in ascending or descending date order based upon whether date_from is greater than date_to.

returns

Returns

  • A list of dates

examples

Examples

iex> d = ~D[2019-01-31]
~D[2019-01-31]
iex> d2 = ~D[2019-05-31]
~D[2019-05-31]
iex> Cldr.Calendar.interval_stream(d, 3, :months) |> Enum.to_list
[~D[2019-01-31], ~D[2019-02-28], ~D[2019-03-31]]
iex> Cldr.Calendar.interval_stream(d, d2, :months) |> Enum.to_list
[~D[2019-01-31], ~D[2019-02-28], ~D[2019-03-31],
 ~D[2019-04-30], ~D[2019-05-31]]
Link to this function

iso_days_to_day_of_week(iso_day_number)

View Source
@spec iso_days_to_day_of_week(Calendar.iso_days() | Calendar.day()) :: day_of_week()

Returns the day of the week for a given iso_day_number

arguments

Arguments

returns

Returns

  • An integer representing a day of the week where Monday is represented by 1 and Sunday is represented by 7

examples

Examples

iex> days = Cldr.Calendar.date_to_iso_days ~D[2019-01-01]
iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_days_to_day_of_week(days) == Cldr.Calendar.tuesday
true
@spec iso_week_of_year(Date.t()) :: {Calendar.year(), week()}

Returns the ISO week number for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the ISO week of the year as an integer or

  • {:error, :not_defined} is the calendar does not support the concept of weeks.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_week_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
{2019, 1}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_week_of_year ~D[2019-02-01]
{2019, 5}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_week_of_year ~D[2019-52-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
{2020, 4}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_week_of_year ~D[2019-26-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
{2019, 30}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.iso_week_of_year ~D[2019-12-01 Cldr.Calendar.Julian]
{:error, :not_defined}
@spec last_day_of_year(date :: Date.t()) :: Date.t()

Returns the last date of a year for a Date.t.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t() or

  • {:error, :invalid_date}

examples

Examples

iex>  Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
~D[2019-12-31]
Link to this function

last_day_of_year(year, calendar)

View Source
@spec last_day_of_year(year :: Calendar.year(), calendar :: calendar()) :: Date.t()

Returns the last date of a year for a calendar.

arguments

Arguments

returns

Returns

  • a Date.t() or

  • {:error, :invalid_date}

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian)
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 31, month: 12, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.NRF, day: 7, month: 52, year: 2019}
Link to this function

last_gregorian_day_of_year(map)

View Source
Link to this function

last_gregorian_day_of_year(year, calendar)

View Source
@spec last_gregorian_day_of_year(Calendar.year(), calendar()) ::
  Date.t() | {:error, :invalid_date}

Returns the gregorian date of the first day of a year for a calendar.

arguments

Arguments

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.last_gregorian_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 31, month: 12, year: 2019}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.last_gregorian_day_of_year 2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF
%Date{calendar: Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian, day: 1, month: 2, year: 2020}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.last_gregorian_day_of_year ~D[2019-12-01]
~D[2019-12-31]
Link to this function

localize(date)

View Source (since 1.19.0)
@spec localize(Date.t()) ::
  {:ok, Date.t()}
  | {:error, :incompatible_calendars}
  | {:error, {module(), String.t()}}

Localize a date by converting it to calendar introspected from the provided or default locale.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t

  • options is a Keyword list of options. The default is []

options

Options

returns

Returns

  • {:ok, date} where date is converted into the calendar associated with the current or provided locale.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2022-06-09], locale: "fr"
{:ok, %Date{year: 2022, month: 6, day: 9, calendar: Cldr.Calendar.FR}}
Link to this function

localize(date, options)

View Source (since 1.19.0)
@spec localize(Date.t(), Keyword.t()) ::
  {:ok, Date.t()}
  | {:error, :incompatible_calendars}
  | {:error, {module(), String.t()}}
Link to this function

localize(date, part, options \\ [])

View Source
@spec localize(Date.t(), atom(), Keyword.t()) ::
  String.t() | {:error, {module(), String.t()}}

Returns a localized string for a part of a Date.t.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t

  • part is one of :era, :quarter, :month, :day_of_week or :days_of_week

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

  • :locale is any valid locale name in the list returned by Cldr.known_locale_names/1 or a Cldr.LanguageTag struct returned by Cldr.Locale.new!/2. The default is Cldr.get_locale().

  • :backend is any module that includes use Cldr and therefore is a Cldr backend module. The default is default_backend/0.

  • :format is one of :wide, :abbreviated or :narrow. The default is :abbreviated.

returns

Returns

  • A string representing the localized date part, or

  • A list of strings representing the days of the week for the part :days_of_week. The days are in week order for the given date's calendar

  • {error, {exception_module, message}} if an error is detected

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-01-01], :era
"AD"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-01-01], :day_of_week
"Tue"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[0001-01-01], :day_of_week
"Mon"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-01-01], :days_of_week
[{1, "Mon"}, {2, "Tue"}, {3, "Wed"}, {4, "Thu"}, {5, "Fri"}, {6, "Sat"}, {7, "Sun"}]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :era
"AD"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :quarter
"Q2"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :month
"Jun"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :day_of_week
"Sat"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :day_of_week, format: :wide
"Saturday"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :day_of_week, format: :narrow
"S"

iex> Cldr.Calendar.localize ~D[2019-06-01], :day_of_week, locale: "ar"
"السبت"
Link to this function

min_days_for_locale(locale)

View Source

Returns the minimum days in the first week of a year for a given locale.

Link to this function

min_days_for_locale(locale, options \\ [])

View Source
Link to this function

min_days_for_territory(territory)

View Source
Link to this function

minus(date, period, amount, options \\ [])

View Source

Decrements a date or date range by an integer amount of a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_date_range is any Date.t or Date.Range.t

  • period is :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

  • :coerce is a boolean which, when set to true will coerce the month and/or day to be a valid date. This affects,for example, moving to the previous month from ~D[2019-03-31]. Since there is no date ~D[2019-02-31] this would normally return {:error, :invalid_date}. Setting coerce: true it will return ~D[2019-02-28].

returns

Returns

When a Date.t is passed, a Date.t is returned. When a Date.Range.t is passed a Date.Range.t is returned.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2016-03-01], :days, 1
~D[2016-02-29]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2019-03-01], :months, 1
~D[2019-02-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2016-03-01], :days, 1
~D[2016-02-29]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2019-03-01], :days, 1
~D[2019-02-28]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2019-03-01], :months, 1
~D[2019-02-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2019-03-01], :quarters, 1
~D[2018-12-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.minus ~D[2019-03-01], :years, 1
~D[2018-03-01]
Link to this function

modified_julian_day(datetime)

View Source

Returns the Modified Julian Day of a Date.t.

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_datetime is any Date.t() or a DateTime.t() if a DateTime.t() is given, the result will be given at the current timezone.

returns

Returns

  • an number representing the Modified Julian Day of the date

notes

Notes

The Modified Julian Day is the number of days since November 17, 1858. Therefore this function only returns valid values for dates after this date.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.modified_julian_day ~D[2019-01-01]
58484.0

iex> Cldr.Calendar.modified_julian_day ~U[2019-01-01 12:00:00Z]
58484.5

iex> Cldr.Calendar.modified_julian_day(~U[2022-09-26 18:00:00.000Z])
59848.75

If the given DateTime is not UTC, the result is given on the local timezone

iex> dt = DateTime.shift_zone!(~U[2019-01-01 14:00:00Z], "America/Sao_Paulo")
#DateTime<2019-01-01 12:00:00-02:00 -02 America/Sao_Paulo>
iex> Cldr.Calendar.modified_julian_day(dt)
58484.5
@spec monday() :: 1

Returns the ordinal day number representing Monday

@spec month_of_year(Date.t()) ::
  Calendar.month() | {Calendar.month(), leap_month? :: boolean()}

Returns the month number for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the month of the year as an integer

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.month_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
1
iex> Cldr.Calendar.month_of_year ~D[2019-12-01]
12
iex> Cldr.Calendar.month_of_year ~D[2019-52-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
12
iex> Cldr.Calendar.month_of_year ~D[2019-26-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
6

See Date.months_in_year/1.

Link to this function

new(calendar_module, calendar_type, config)

View Source
@spec new(module(), calendar_type(), Keyword.t()) ::
  {:ok, calendar()} | {:module_already_exists, module()}

Creates a new calendar based upon the provided configuration.

If a module exists with the calendar_module name then it is returned, not recreated.

arguments

Arguments

  • calendar_module is am atom representing the module name of the created calendar.

  • calendar_type is an atom of either :month or :week indicating which type of calendar is to be created

  • config is a Keyword list defining the configuration of the calendar.

returns

Returns

  • {:ok, module} where module is the new calendar module that conforms to the Calendar and Cldr.Calendar behaviours or

  • {:module_already_exists, module} if a module of the given calendar name already exists. It is not guaranteed that the module is in fact a calendar module in this case.

configuration-options

Configuration options

The following options can be provided to create a new calendar.

  • :cldr_backend defines a default backend module to be used for this calendar. The default is nil.

  • :weeks_in_month defines the layout of weeks in a quarter for a week- or month- based calendar. The value must be one of [4, 4, 5], [4,5,4] or [5,4,4]. The default is [4,4,5]. This option is ignored for :month based calendars that have the parameter day_of_year: :first.

  • :begins_or_ends determines whether the calendar year begins or ends on the given :day_of_week and :month_of_year. The default is :begins.

  • :first_or_last determines whether the calendar year starts (or ends) on the first, last or nearest :day-of_week and :month_of_year. The default is :first

  • :day_of_week determines the day of the week on which this calendar begins or ends. It may be a number in the range 1..7 representing Monday to Sunday. It may also be :first indicating the the weeks are calculated from the first day of the calendar day irrespective of the day of the week. In this case the last week of the year may be less than 7 days in length. The default is 1.

  • :month_of_year determines the Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian month of year in which this calendar begins or ends. The default is 1.

  • :year is used to determine which calendar Greogian year is applicable for a given calendar date. The valid options are :first, :last and majority. The default is :majority.

  • :min_days_in_first_week is used to determine how many days of the Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian year must be in the first week of a calendar year. This is used when determining when the year starts for week-based years. The default is 4 which is consistent with the ISO Week calendar

examples

Examples

Each calendar has a function __config__/0 generated within it and therefore the configuration of the included calendars in ex_cldr_calendars provide insight into the behaviour of the configuration parameters.

As an example here we define the ISO Week calendar calendar in full:

defmodule ISOWeek do
  use Cldr.Calendar.Base.Week,
    day_of_week: 1,              # Weeks begin or end on Monday
    month_of_year: 1,            # Years begin or end in January
    min_days_in_first_week, 4,   # 4 Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian days of the year must be in the first week
    begins_or_ends: :begins,     # The year *begins* on the `day_of_week` and `month_of_year`
    first_or_last: :first,       # They year *begins* on the *first* `day_of_week` and `month_of_year`
    weeks_in_month: [4, 4, 5],   # The weeks are laid out as *months* in a `[4,4,5]` pattern
    year: :majority,             # Any given year is that in which the majority of Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian months fall
    cldr_backend: nil,           # No default `cldr_backend` is configured.
    locale: nil                  # No `locale` is used to aid configuration
end

This can be generated at runtime by:

    iex> Cldr.Calendar.new ISOWeek, :week,
    ...>   day_of_week: 1,
    ...>   month_of_year: 1,
    ...>   min_days_in_first_week: 4,
    ...>   begins_or_ends: :begins,
    ...>   first_or_last: :first,
    ...>   weeks_in_month: [4, 4, 5],
    ...>   year: :majority,
    ...>   cldr_backend: nil
    {:ok, ISOWeek}

Note that Cldr.Calendar.ISOWeek is included as part of this library.

Link to this function

next(date_or_date_range, date_part, options \\ [])

View Source

Returns the next date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_date_range is any Date.t or Date.Range.t

  • period is :year, :quarter, :month, :week or :day

returns

Returns

When a Date.t is passed, a Date.t is returned. When a Date.Range.t is passed a Date.Range.t is returned.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.next ~D[2019-01-01], :day
~D[2019-01-02]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.next ~D[2019-01-01], :month
~D[2019-02-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.next ~D[2019-01-01], :quarter
~D[2019-04-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.next ~D[2019-01-01], :year
~D[2020-01-01]
@spec plus(integer(), integer()) :: integer()
@spec plus(Calendar.date(), Cldr.Calendar.Duration.t()) :: Calendar.date()

Adds a duration to a date

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any map that conforms to Calendar.date()

  • duration is any duration returned by Cldr.Calendar.Duration.new!/2

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

returns

Returns

  • A date advanced by the duration

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2020-01-01],
...> Cldr.Calendar.Duration.new!(~D[2020-01-01], ~D[2020-02-01])
~D[2020-02-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2020-01-01],
...> Cldr.Calendar.Duration.new!(~D[2020-01-01], ~D[2020-01-02])
~D[2020-01-02]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2020-01-01],
...> Cldr.Calendar.Duration.new!(~D[2020-01-01], ~D[2020-02-01])
~D[2020-02-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2020-01-01],
...> Cldr.Calendar.Duration.new!(~D[2020-01-01], ~D[2021-02-01])
~D[2021-02-01]
Link to this function

plus(date, duration, options)

View Source
Link to this function

plus(date, period, increment, options \\ [])

View Source
@spec plus(Calendar.date() | Date.Range.t(), atom(), integer(), Keyword.t()) ::
  Calendar.date()

Increments a date or date range by an integer amount of a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_date_range is any Date.t or Date.Range.t

  • period is :years, :quarters, :months, :weeks or :days

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

  • :coerce is a boolean which, when set to true will coerce the month and/or day to be a valid date. This affects,for example, moving to the previous month from ~D[2019-03-31]. Since there is no date ~D[2019-02-31] this would normally return {:error, :invalid_date}. Setting coerce: true it will return ~D[2019-02-28].

returns

Returns

When a Date.t is passed, a Date.t is returned. When a Date.Range.t is passed a Date.Range.t is returned.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2016-02-29], :days, 1
~D[2016-03-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2019-03-01], :months, 1
~D[2019-04-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2016-02-29], :days, 1
~D[2016-03-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2019-02-28], :days, 1
~D[2019-03-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2019-03-01], :months, 1
~D[2019-04-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2019-03-01], :quarters, 1
~D[2019-06-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.plus ~D[2019-03-01], :years, 1
~D[2020-03-01]
Link to this function

previous(date_or_date_range, date_part, options \\ [])

View Source

Returns the previous date or date range for a date period (year, quarter, month, week or day).

arguments

Arguments

  • date_or_date_range is any Date.t or Date.Range.t

  • period is :year, :quarter, :month, :week or :day

  • options is a Keyword list of options that is passed to plus/4 or minus/4

returns

Returns

When a Date.t is passed, a Date.t is returned. When a Date.Range.t is passed a Date.Range.t is returned.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.previous ~D[2019-01-01], :day
~D[2018-12-31]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.previous ~D[2019-01-01], :quarter
~D[2018-10-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.previous ~D[2019-01-01], :month
~D[2018-12-01]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.previous ~D[2019-01-01], :year
~D[2018-01-01]
@spec quarter_of_year(Date.t()) :: quarter()

Returns the quarter number for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the quarter of the year as an integer

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.quarter_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
1

iex> Cldr.Calendar.quarter_of_year Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
1

iex> Cldr.Calendar.quarter_of_year Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
4
Link to this function

same_as_default?(config)

View Source
@spec saturday() :: 6

Returns the ordinal day number representing Saturday.

@spec sunday() :: 7

Returns the ordinal day number representing Sunday.

@spec thursday() :: 4

Returns the ordinal day number representing Thursday.

@spec tuesday() :: 2

Returns the ordinal day number representing Tuesday.

Link to this function

validate_calendar(calendar_module)

View Source

Validates if the argument is a Cldr.Calendar calendar module.

arguments

Arguments

  • calendar_module is a module that implements the Cldr.Calendar behaviour

returns

Returns

  • {:ok, calendar_module} or

  • {:error, {exception, reason}}

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.validate_calendar Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian
{:ok, Cldr.Calendar.Gregorian}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.validate_calendar :not_a_calendar
{:error,
 {Cldr.InvalidCalendarModule, ":not_a_calendar is not a calendar module."}}
@spec wednesday() :: 3

Returns the ordinal day number representing Wednesday.

@spec week_of_month(Date.t()) :: {Calendar.month(), week()}

Returns the {month, week_number} for a date.

The nature of a week depends on the calendar configuration and therefore some results may be surprising. For example the date of December 31st 2018 is actually in month one of the ISO Week calendar of 2019.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a tuple of the form {month, week} or

  • {:error, :not_defined} if the calendar does not support the concept of weeks.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_month(~D[2019-01-01])
{1, 1}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_month(~D[2018-12-31])
{1, 1}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_month(~D[2019-01-01 Cldr.Calendar.BasicWeek])
{1, 1}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_month(~D[2018-12-31 Cldr.Calendar.BasicWeek])
{12, 5}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_month(~D[2018-12-31 Cldr.Calendar.Julian])
{:error, :not_defined}
@spec week_of_year(Date.t()) :: {Calendar.year(), week()}

Returns the {year, week_number} for a date.

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the week of the year as an integer or

  • {:error, :not_defined} if the calendar does not support the concept of weeks.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_year ~D[2019-01-01]
{2019, 1}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_year ~D[2019-12-01]
{2019, 48}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_year ~D[2019-52-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
{2019, 52}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_year ~D[2019-26-01 Cldr.Calendar.NRF]
{2019, 26}
iex> Cldr.Calendar.week_of_year ~D[2019-12-01 Cldr.Calendar.Julian]
{:error, :not_defined}
Link to this function

weekday?(date, options \\ [])

View Source
@spec weekday?(Date.t(), Keyword.t()) :: boolean() | {:error, {module(), String.t()}}

Returns whether a given date is a weekday.

Weekdays are locale-specific and depend on the policies of a given territory (country).

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

  • :locale is any locale or locale name validated by Cldr.validate_locale/2. The default is Cldr.get_locale() which returns the locale set for the current process

  • :territory is any valid ISO-3166-2 territory that is validated by Cldr.validate_territory/1

  • :backend is any Cldr backend module. See the backend configuration documentation for further information. The default is Cldr.Calendar.Backend.Default which configures only the en locale.

notes

Notes

When identifying which territory context within which to determine whether a given day is a weekday or not the following order applies:

  • A territory specified by the :territory option

  • The territory defined as part of the :locale option

  • The territory defined as part of the current processes default locale.

examples

Examples

# The default locale for `Cldr` is `en-001` for which
# the territory is `001` (the world). The weekdays
# for `001` are Monday to Friday
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekday? ~D[2019-03-23], locale: :en
false

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekday? ~D[2019-03-23], territory: "IS"
false

# Saturday is a weekday in India
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekday? ~D[2019-03-23], locale: :"en-IN", backend: MyApp.Cldr
true

# Friday is not a weekday in Saudi Arabia
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekday? ~D[2019-03-22], locale: :"ar-SA", backend: MyApp.Cldr
false

# Friday is not a weekday in Israel
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekday? ~D[2019-03-22], locale: :he, backend: MyApp.Cldr
false

Returns a list of the days of the week that are considered a weekend for a given territory (country)

arguments

Arguments

  • territory is any valid ISO3166-2 code

returns

Returns

  • A list of integers representing the days of the week that are week days

notes

Notes

The list of days may not my monotonic. See the example for Saudi Arabia below.

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekdays("US")
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekdays("IN")
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekdays("SA")
[1, 2, 3, 4, 7]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekdays("yy")
{:error, {Cldr.UnknownTerritoryError, "The territory \"yy\" is unknown"}}

Returns a list of the days of the week that are considered a weekend for a given territory (country)

arguments

Arguments

  • territory is any valid ISO3166-2 code

returns

Returns

  • A list of integers representing the days of the week that are weekend days

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend("US")
[6, 7]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend("IN")
[7]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend("SA")
[5, 6]

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend("yy")
{:error, {Cldr.UnknownTerritoryError, "The territory \"yy\" is unknown"}}
Link to this function

weekend?(date, options \\ [])

View Source
@spec weekend?(Date.t(), Keyword.t()) :: boolean() | {:error, {module(), String.t()}}

Returns whether a given date is a weekend day.

Weekend days are locale-specific and depend on the policies of a given territory (country).

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

  • options is a Keyword list of options

options

Options

  • :locale is any locale or locale name validated by Cldr.validate_locale/2. The default is Cldr.get_locale() which returns the locale set for the current process

  • :territory is any valid ISO-3166-2 territory that is validated by Cldr.validate_territory/1

  • :backend is any Cldr backend module. See the backend configuration documentation for further information. The default is Cldr.Calendar.Backend.Default which configures only the en locale.

notes

Notes

When identifying which territory context within which to determine whether a given day is a weekend or not the following order applies:

  • A territory specified by the :territory option

  • The territory defined as part of the :locale option

  • The territory defined as part of the current processes default locale.

examples

Examples

# The default locale for `Cldr` is `en-001` for which
# the territory is `001` (the world). The weekend
# for `001` is Saturday and Sunday
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-23]
true

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-23], locale: :en
true

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-23], territory: "IS"
true

# In India the official weekend is only Sunday
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-23], locale: "en-IN", backend: MyApp.Cldr
false

# In Israel the weekend starts on Friday
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-22], locale: :he, backend: MyApp.Cldr
true

# As it also does in Saudia Arabia
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-22], locale: :"ar-SA", backend: MyApp.Cldr
true

# Sunday is not a weekend day in Saudi Arabia
iex> Cldr.Calendar.weekend? ~D[2019-03-24], locale: :"ar-SA", backend: MyApp.Cldr
false
@spec weeks_in_year(Date.t()) :: week()

Returns the number of weeks in a year.

arguments

Arguments

  • Either a Date.t() or an integer year a calendar name

returns

Returns

  • In integer number of weeks in a year

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weeks_in_year ~D[2026-W01-1 Cldr.Calendar.ISOWeek]
53

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weeks_in_year ~D[2019-01-01]
52

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weeks_in_year ~D[2020-01-01]
52

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weeks_in_year 2020, Cldr.Calendar.ISOWeek
53
Link to this function

weeks_in_year(year, calendar)

View Source
@spec weeks_in_year(Calendar.year(), calendar()) :: week()
@spec weeks_to_days(integer()) :: integer()

Returns the number of days in n weeks

example

Example

iex> Cldr.Calendar.weeks_to_days(2)
14
@spec year_of_era(Date.t()) :: {Calendar.day(), Calendar.era()}

Returns the {year_of_era, era} for a date.

This function differs slightly from Date.year_of_era/1. See the notes below

arguments

Arguments

  • date is any Date.t()

returns

Returns

  • a the year since the start of the era and the era of the year as a tuple

notes

Notes

  1. Unlike Date.year_of_era/1, this function supports eras that change part way through the calendar year. This is common in the Japanese calendar where the eras change when a new emperor is ordained which can happen at any time of year. Therefore this function is consistent with Date.year_of_era/1 for the Gregorian and related calendars, but returns a different (and more accurate) result for the Japanese calendar.

  2. This is also true for fiscal year calendars that start on a day other than January 1st. The year of era will depend on whether the calendar was configured with year: :beginning, year: :ending or year: :majority

examples

Examples

iex> Cldr.Calendar.year_of_era ~D[2019-01-01]
{2019, 1}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.year_of_era Cldr.Calendar.first_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
{2019, 1}

iex> Cldr.Calendar.year_of_era Cldr.Calendar.last_day_of_year(2019, Cldr.Calendar.NRF)
{2019, 1}