View Source mix phx.gen.context (Phoenix v1.7.2)
Generates a context with functions around an Ecto schema.
$ mix phx.gen.context Accounts User users name:string age:integer
The first argument is the context module followed by the schema module and its plural name (used as the schema table name).
The context is an Elixir module that serves as an API boundary for the given resource. A context often holds many related resources. Therefore, if the context already exists, it will be augmented with functions for the given resource.
Note: A resource may also be split over distinct contexts (such as Accounts.User and Payments.User).
The schema is responsible for mapping the database fields into an Elixir struct.
Overall, this generator will add the following files to
- a context module in
accounts.ex, serving as the API boundary
- a schema in
accounts/user.ex, with a
A migration file for the repository and test files for the context will also be generated.
Generating without a schema
In some cases, you may wish to bootstrap the context module and
tests, but leave internal implementation of the context and schema
to yourself. Use the
--no-schema flags to accomplish this.
By default, the table name for the migration and schema will be
the plural name provided for the resource. To customize this value,
--table option may be provided. For example:
$ mix phx.gen.context Accounts User users --table cms_users
Generated migration can use
binary_id for schema's primary key
and its references with option
This generator uses default options provided in the
configuration of your application. These are the defaults:
config :your_app, :generators, migration: true, binary_id: false, sample_binary_id: "11111111-1111-1111-1111-111111111111"
You can override those options per invocation by providing corresponding
--no-binary-id to use normal ids despite the default
--migration to force generation of the migration.
Read the documentation for
phx.gen.schema for more information on
This generator will prompt you if there is an existing context with the same
name, in order to provide more instructions on how to correctly use phoenix contexts.
You can skip this prompt and automatically merge the new schema access functions and tests into the
existing context using
--merge-with-existing-context. To prevent changes to
the existing context and exit the generator, use