View Source Timeouts

Ways to Specify Timeouts

You have a few options.

You can specify a timeout when you call an action. This takes the highest precedence.!(query, timeout: :timer.seconds(30))

You can specify one using Ash.Changeset.timeout/2 or Ash.Query.timeout/2. This can be useful if you want to conditionally set a timeout based on the details of the request. For example, you might do something like this:

# in your resource
defmodule MyApp.SetReportTimeout do
  use Ash.Resource.Preparation

  def prepare(query, _, _) do
    if Ash.Query.get_argument(query, :full_report) do
      Ash.Query.timeout(query, :timer.minutes(3))
      Ash.Query.timeout(query, :timer.minutes(1))

actions do
  read :report_items do
    argument :full_report, :boolean, default: false

    prepare MyApp.SetReportTimeout

You can also specify a default timeout on your domain modules.

execution do
  timeout :timer.seconds(30) # the default is `:infinity`

Keep in mind, you can't specify timeouts in a before_action or after_action hook, because at that point you are already "within" the code that should have a timeout applied.

timeouts use processes

Timeouts are implemented using processes. This means that potentially large query results will be copied across processes. Because of this, specifying timeouts globally or for things that you don't suspect would ever exceed that timeout is not recommended.

How are timeouts handled?

Timeouts in Ash work a bit differently than other tools. The following considerations must be taken into account:

  1. If you run a resource action in a transaction, then the timeout applies to the entire transaction.
  2. If the resource action you are running, and any of its touches_resources is already in a transaction then the timeout is ignored, as the outer transaction is handling the timeout.
  3. If the resource is not in a transaction, and supports async execution (ash_postgres does), then everything is run in a task and awaited with the provided timeout.
  4. If the data layer of the resource does not support timeouts, or async execution then timeouts are ignored.